TitleAuthorMain PointsRelevant quotesThe Invention of ‘HeterosexualityBrandon Ambrosino•Anything that has been constructed can be deconstructed •before 1934 -> heterosexuality meantabnormal/morbid desire for those of the opposite sex•before 19__ -> no word for heterosexuality at all •the distinction between sex & sexuality -> “sex has no history” but sexuality, as a social construct, does •There have always been sexualinstincts throughout the animal world(sex). But at a specific point in time,humans attached meaning to thesesinstincts (sexuality). When humanstalk about heterosexuality, we’retalking about the second thing.•heterosexual sex -> act, natural, fact |heterosexual identity -> identity, socially constructed to have significance by the institutions and the people who run them•Debates about sexual orientationhave tended to focus on a badlydefined concept of “nature”. Becausedifferent sex intercourse generallyresults in the propagation of thespecies, we award it a special moralstatus. But “nature” doesn’t reveal tous our moral obligations.“Systematic,repuniversally applicablefor social managemcould be implemented scale”.Queer and NowEve Kosofsky Sedgwick•High rates of LGBTQ+ youth depression and suicide attempts •Christmas effects •When the Church, State etc. are all speaking with one voice•Legal holidays, school holidays, advertisements etc. •Normatively you should be able to figure out someone’s whole sexual identity if you know one aspect of it (ex: a person with a penis is a man who likes a female who is a person with XX chromosomes etc.) •Queer -> when this deduction is inaccurate •She argue against the monolithicunderstandings of sexuality thatpresume sexual identity as a staticidentity category.•Queer is “the opof possibilities, overlaps, dissonand resonancesand excesses ofwhen the constielements of anygender, of anyosexuality aren’t (and can’t be msignify monolith•On the Christma•“The hoconstituimage ofamily”•“They alup with other soonce a ythe mon
created one can view” History of Sexuality Vol. 1Michel Foucault•Power is productive•Michel Foucault -> French, 20th century philosophical historian, raisedin wealthy, well educated family, who criticizes powerful institutions and takes a liberal view to historical facts (history is a storehouse for ideas, not necessarily to be used as a set narrative) •(from Rubin) criticizes traditional understandings of sexuality | desires are not pre-existing biological entities but rather, constituted in the course of historically specific social practices •Basically, before the 19th century -> there was less censorship of sex & bodies however, with the rise of the Victorian Bourgeoisie came the rise ofcensorship•Classifications don’t simply describe, but constitute identities, in historical and culturally specific ways•Foucault’s doubts/questions:•1. Is sexual repression truly an established historical fact?