Patel2008_ch3.pdf - 3 Rhythm Copyright © 2007 Oxford University Press USA OSO All rights reserved 3.1 Introduction The comparative study of spoken and

Patel2008_ch3.pdf - 3 Rhythm Copyright © 2007 Oxford...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 86 pages.

96 3 Rhythm 3.1 Introduction The comparative study of spoken and musical rhythm is surprisingly underdevel- oped. Although hundreds of studies have explored rhythm within each domain, empirical comparisons of linguistic and musical rhythm are rare. This does not reflect a lack of interest, because researchers have long noted connections be- tween theories of rhythm in the two domains (e.g., Selkirk, 1984; Handel, 1989). The paucity of comparative research probably reflects the fact that spe- cialists in one domain seldom have the time to delve into the intricacies of the other. This is regrettable, because cross-domain work can provide a broader perspective on rhythm in human cognition. One goal of this chapter is to equip researchers with conceptual and empirical tools to explore the borderland be- tween linguistic and musical rhythm. As we shall see, this is a fertile area for new discoveries. Before embarking, it is worth addressing two overarching issues. The first is the definition of rhythm. The term “rhythm” occurs in many contexts besides speech and music, such as circadian rhythms, oscillations in the brain, and the rhythmic calls of certain animals. In most of these contexts, “rhythm” denotes periodicity, in other words, a pattern repeating regularly in time. Although pe- riodicity is an important aspect of rhythm, it is crucial to distinguish between the two concepts. The crux of the matter is simply this: Although all periodic patterns are rhythmic, not all rhythmic patterns are periodic. That is, periodic- ity is but one type of rhythmic organization. This point is especially important for understanding speech rhythm, which has had a long (and as we shall see, largely unfruitful) association with the notion of periodicity. Thus any defini- tion of rhythm should leave open the issue of periodicity. Unfortunately, there is no universally accepted definition of rhythm. Thus I will define rhythm as the systematic patterning of sound in terms of timing, accent, and grouping. Both speech and music are characterized by systematic temporal, accentual, and phrasal patterning. How do these patterns compare? What is their relation- ship in the mind? Patel, Aniruddh D.. Music, Language, and the Brain, Oxford University Press USA - OSO, 2007. ProQuest Ebook Central, . Created from columbia on 2018-08-02 14:32:10. Copyright © 2007. Oxford University Press USA - OSO. All rights reserved.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

rhythm 97 The second issue is the very notion of rhythm in speech, which may be unfa- miliar to some readers. One way to informally introduce this concept is to con- sider the process of learning a foreign language. Speaking a language with native fluency requires more than mastering its phonemes, vocabulary, and grammar.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes