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Milestone OneGlobal Health and DiversityFinal Project One Milestone Three: Policy RecommendationsSeptember 29, 2019Carrie FerrellSouthern New Hampshire University
Milestone OneIntroductionThe Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, most commonly knownas HIPAA, is a federal regulation ensuring that proper privacy and security is applied to protect medical health information. This piece of legislation has become increasingly crucial in today’s world due to data breaches, cyberattacks, and ransomware assaults on healthcare organizations.Policy SummaryOn August 21, 1996, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted and signed into federal law by President Bill Clinton. HIPAA restricts access to an individual’s medical information. In 2000, HIPAA introduced the Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information also known as the Privacy Rule. The Privacy Rule established for the first-time national standards to protect individuals’ medical records and other personal health information. In 2003, the Security Standards for the Protection of Electronic Protected Health Information was introduced. This rule is also known as the Security Rule and was established rules to protect the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of electronic health information. HIPAA privacy standards were designed to accomplish three broad objectives: to define and limit the circumstances in which private health information is used and disclosed, to establish individual rights regarding private health information, and to require the adoption of administrative safeguards to protect privacy and the confidentiality of private health information.Private health information that is used or disclosed in any form including paper, oral or electronic communication is also known as PHI. PHI is any information that can identify an individual and relates to any past, present, or future physical or mental health condition.