Ukraine Updates Aff Neg - Michigan7 2019 CCPW.docx - AFF War Advantage Arms Now US is committed to a continuation of sales to Ukraine Aljazeera"US

Ukraine Updates Aff Neg - Michigan7 2019 CCPW.docx - AFF...

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Unformatted text preview: AFF War Advantage Arms Now US is committed to a continuation of sales to Ukraine Aljazeera, 6-18-2019, "US announces $250m in military aid to Ukraine," Aljazeera, The United States has announced a $250m military aid package for war-torn Ukraine to strengthen the country's naval and land capabilities. The Pentagon said on Tuesday that the US would also provide Ukraine with naval training, as well as sniper rifles, rocket-propelled grenade launchers, radars and night vision equipment. "The United States remains committed to helping Ukraine ... to strengthen democratic civilian control of the military, promote command and control reforms, enhance transparency and accountability in acquisition and budgeting, and advance defence industry reforms," Lieutenant Colonel Carla M Gleason, a Pentagon spokesman, said in a statement. "These reforms will bolster Ukraine's ability to defend its territorial integrity in support of a secure, prosperous, democratic and free Ukraine," Gleason added. According to the statement, the amount is part of a series of Pentagon payments totalling $1.5bn to the country since 2014, when Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula and Moscow-backed separatists seized parts of eastern Ukraine's Donetsk and Luhansk regions. About 13,000 people have been killed since the conflict erupted. Ukraine and its Western allies accuse Russia of funnelling troops and arms to the pro-Moscow rebels across the border. Moscow denies the allegations. NATO Sales will increase Paul Mcleary, 7-3-2019, "US Upgrades Ukrainian Ports To Fit American Warships," Breaking Defense, (Paul McLeary has written about national security issues for Foreign Policy, Defense News, The New Republic, Columbia Journalism Review and elsewhere. // NC) WASHINGTON: As tensions rise between Russia and Ukraine on the Black Sea , the US is upgrading several Ukrainian naval bases to give American and NATO warships the ability to dock just miles from Russiacontrolled Crimea. Centered at the Ochakiv Naval Base and the military facility at Mykolaiv — 40 miles east of Odessa and less than 100 northwest of Crimea — the American-funded effort includes reinforcing and upgrading existing piers and adding a new floating dock, security fencing around the bases, ship repair facilities, and a pair of brand-new Maritime Operations Centers from which Ukrainian and NATO forces can direct exercises and coordinate activities. The upgrades come after last November’s incident where Russian warships fired on and seized three Ukrainian navy vessels in the Kerch Strait between Russia and Ukraine. Russia is still holding the crews. Google Maps graphic The US is building up Ukraine’s bases at Ocon the Black Sea coast, west of Russian-occupied Crimea. The new American effort in Ukraine will likely rankle Moscow. Since the Cold War, “the Russian military command has always held the fear that one day Ukraine would leave Russia and eventually there would be a NATO naval base on Moscow’s doorstep,” said Michael Kofman, an expert on the Russian military at CNA in Washington. “That fear led to Russia seizing and annexing Crimea, from which they could contest practically the entire Black Sea.” While Ukraine isn’t a NATO member, it does receive training from NATO forces and is currently hosting the annual Sea Breeze exercise that includes US and allied warships and several hundred Marines. From RAYTHEON The exercise and the US support comes in direct response to Russia’s military buildup in Crimea . Since taking it by force in 2014, Moscow has sent some of its most advanced military kit to the peninsula , including five S-400 anti-aircraft battalions, ten warships, six Kilo-class submarines, and new fighter aircraft, thereby allowing Moscow to project power across the Black Sea. Romania, which sits just 150 miles across the water from Crimea, is buying the Patriot air defense system from the US, and Romanian and American forces recently held a series of air defense drills in the Black Sea that simulated shooting down drones. Russia’s moves haven’t gone unnoticed in the rest of Europe. While visiting Washington earlier this year, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the alliance was discussing “what more we can do to enhance our security in the Black Sea region,” adding the allies had already agreed on “a package of measures to improve our situational awareness, and to step up our support for both Georgia and Ukraine.” The focus will be on training of maritime forces and coast guards, along with increased port visits and exercises. A majority of the effort is taking place at the Ochakiv, which has seen a series of visits from US Navy construction teams over the past few years. The work at Ochakiv won’t be wrapped up until August, Lt. Spencer Bull, operations officer for Underwater Construction Team 1 currently in Ukraine assessing the piers, told me. “The intent is to be able to use it for US and allied exercises,” he said, adding that his team of divers will work to reinforce existing piers, map out the seafloor to make sure bigger ships can dock there, and discuss where to place the planned floating dock. US is and will continue to sell arms to Ukraine Semchuk 3-27-19 (Liana Semchuk is a PhD candidate in politics at the University of Oxford, 3-272019, "U.S. arms sales to Ukraine keeping the conflict alive," UPI, ) - AM The U.S. will continue cooperating with Ukraine to improve its defence capacity , as Special Representative to Ukraine said, Ukraine’s Embassy to the U.S. reports on Facebook. Volker noted that the U.S. was ready to work with Ukraine to provide it with defence lethal equipment . “Congress adopted international military funding which provides support for Ukraine in a form of different types of weapons including anti-tank and countersniper systems. We will continue consulting with Ukraine concerning its defence needs . Besides we are ready to military sales abroad, so Ukraine can purchase all military equipment from the U.S., Volker said at the briefing. ” According to him, Ukraine needs to enhance its defence capacity as the country comes under attacks daily so there is a need to prevent further occupation of the territories. The U.S. defence budget provides $100 million for Ukraine for lethal equipment. In particular, the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services approved the draft law “On the U.S. budget for 2020 for the needs of national security”, which authorized allocations to Pentagon for Ukraine in the amount of $300 million, which is by $50 million more. $100 million out of that sum is to be spent for lethal weaponry. US is beginning to sell lethal weapons and naval systems Kheel 3-5-19 (Rebecca Kheel, 3-5-2019, "US considering providing more weapons for Ukraine, general says," TheHill, ) - AM The United States is considering providing Ukraine with more weapons on top of the anti-tank missiles it has already sent, a top general said Tuesday. U.S. European Command chief Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti said any shipments still have to go through “policy deliberations,” but that weapons under consideration include naval systems to help Ukraine respond to incidents such as what happened in the Kerch Strait last year. “As recommendations for Ukraine, particularly on the lethal side, work its way, it has to go through the policy deliberations that provide authority to deploy those kinds of weapon systems,” he told the Senate Armed Services Committee. “There are other systems, sniper systems, ammunition and, perhaps looking at the Kerch Strait, perhaps consideration for naval systems, as well, here in the future as we move forward.” Asked by Armed Services Committee Chairman James Inhofe (R-Okla.) whether there needs to be language in this year’s defense policy bill to allow that to happen, Scaparrotti said he “will have recommendations for that.” In November, Russia fired on three Ukrainian ships as they tried to transit the Kerch Strait, which links the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea. Several crew members were injured, and Russia seized the ships and their sailors. Russia has been detaining 24 Ukrainian sailors since, with Russian courts ruling several times to continue their detention. Last year, the United States sold Ukraine the Javelin anti-tank missile system to help bolster its fight against Russian-backed separatists. Before that, the United States had limited its support to Ukraine to nonlethal aid. The sale happened after contentious debate that dated back to the Obama administration over whether injecting such weapons into the conflict would make an already volatile situation worse. On Tuesday, Scaparrotti, who is also the supreme allied commander of NATO, said the Ukrainians have been “responsible” in their use of the anti-tank weapons. “The Ukrainians, in my view, have trained very well for the use of that,” he said. “They’ve been responsible in the security and the deployment of it, and we watch that closely. So they’ve handled that well.” Trump is expanding US arms sales to Ukraine to include lethal weapons and naval support Shinkman 6-18-19 (Paul D. Shinkman is a national security reporter for U.S. News & World Report., 6-18-2019, "U.S. to Send $250 Million in Lethal Aid to Ukraine ," US News & World Report, ) - AM THE TRUMP administration will deploy $250 million worth of military aid and equipment – some of it lethal – to Ukraine's armed forces as it seeks to deter Russian aggression amid a recent spike in hostile acts, the Defense Department confirmed Tuesday. The new equipment the U.S. will provide includes sniper rifles for Ukraine's special operations forces, as well as grenade launchers, counter-artillery radars and equipment to detect and protect against electronic warfare . The Obama administration and initially President Donald Trump balked at sending lethal weapons to Ukraine reportedly for fear of provoking Moscow , despite pressure from Congress. Trump authorized sending Javelin anti-tank missiles in 2017. The U.S. will also increase its support to the Ukrainian navy and maritime troops, following last year's crisis at the Kerch Strait resulting in Russia's capturing 24 Ukrainian seamen, who remain in detention under the auspices of criminal proceedings. The new aid, which Congress authorized and has pushed the Trump administration to disperse, brings the total U.S. support to Ukraine to $1.5 billion since it began in 2014, when Russia annexed the Crimea peninsula and began its ongoing support for separatist militias in Ukraine's eastern region, known as the Donbas. Ukrainian soldiers continue to die during isolated skirmishes and intermittent sniper and artillery fire in the simmering conflict. Commander of the rail blockade Ivan (did not want to give his last name), nom de guerre Silver, stands near railroad tracks at a blockade camp in Kryvyi Torets railway station in the village of Shcherbynivka, Donetsk region, Ukraine on March 12, 2017. The blockaders have cut off some of the rail traffic in order to reduce coal trade with non-government controlled territories in eastern Ukraine. The blockade was dismantled by authorities the next day. It also represents a major coup for supporters of the U.S. effort to deter Russia in Ukraine following the election of President Volodymyr Zelenskiy earlier this year. The former comedian and yet-untested leader's policies toward Russia remain unclear, despite traveling to NATO headquarters for his first official trip as the country's leader, and subsequently to Germany. He was in Paris on Monday, where he called for continued "pressure" on Moscow. Before retiring as the top officer for U.S. operations in Europe, Army Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti previewed the potential lethal aid to Congress in March, citing concerns about Russia. "I'm not comfortable yet with the deterrent posture we have in Europe," the chief of U.S. Europe Command and top officer for NATO at the time told the Senate Armed Services Committee. Scaparrotti said any subsequent decision had "to go through the policy deliberations." Scaparrotti drew particular attention to Russia's naval aggression, months after it attempted to block off Ukrainian access to key shipping ports in the Black Sea, accessible through the Kerch Strait. Analysts at the time feared the dispute would reignite what had become a simmering four-year-old conflict, largely restricted to ground-based fighting in the Donbas. The shipment announced Tuesday also represents a major win for those who feared Trump would walk back U.S. support for allies who face Russian aggression . It was unclear at the beginning of his administration whether he would continue support for an initiative Obama began in 2014 known as the European Reassurance Initiative, or European Deterrence Initiative, which included providing non-lethal aid and training to Ukraine, and deploying NATO troops to other countries along Russia's border, including the Baltic states and Poland. More arms sales to Ukraine are scheduled – diplomatic efforts are on the brink between Putin and Zelensky moderated by the U.S. Mineiro 6/18 (Megan Mineiro, freelance reporter based in Washington D.C., former editor for the daily paper of the University of Santa Barbara, done work for USAID, also a self-proclaimed heavy consumer of tea of all types, 6-18-2019, "Experts Urge More Support for Ukraine in Fight With Russia", ) jbarber The Defense Department said Tuesday it will send $250 million more in military equipment to wartorn Ukraine. The announcement – which brings the U.S. security assistance up to $1.5 billion – came just hours before members of Congress convened to assess how to continue supporting Ukraine in its fight for sovereignty from its powerhouse neighbor Russia. Ukraine represents ground zero in the U.S.- Russia conflict, Senator Ron Johnson of Wisconsin said in Tuesday’s Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing. Senators agreed on continued need for U.S. support of Ukraine following the election of President Volodymyr Zelensky in May. Zelensky swept into office with 73 percent of the vote while promising a new surge of diplomatic efforts to bring Ukraine into the European Union. A focus on reviving ceasefire talks between the newly elected president and Russian President Vladimir Putin underscored the senators’ discussion Tuesday with Ambassador Kurt Volker, who represents the State Department on Ukraine negotiations. In 2015, the two nations brokered the Minsk agreement intended to bring an immediate ceasefire between the Ukrainian military and Russia-backed separatist militias. But the negotiations failed to stall bloody engagements on Europe’s doorstep, with both sides accusing the other of violating the terms. Volker said the agreement lays out all the necessary solutions but Russia must now act. “What’s lacking is the political will for Russia to actually implement it,” Volker said. “All of these things add up to make it more and more clear to Russia that their efforts to re-subordinate Ukraine to its sphere are not going to work.” He also stressed the importance of a swift diplomatic action to end the violence that has plagued the Ukrainian people for nearly five years. US plans to increase Foreign military aid and sales in a matter of months Read 6/25, Defense reporter (Russ Read, 6-25-2019, "Pentagon to send $250M in weapons to Ukraine," Washington Examiner, ) The Department of Defense plans to send $250 million in military equipment to Ukraine to assist in building up the country's military capabilities as it continues to counter Russian-backed forces in its eastern provinces. The aid package will include sniper rifles, grenade launchers, and counter-artillery radars for the Ukrainian Navy, special operations forces, and land troops . Electronic warfare detection equipment, night vision technology, and military medical equipment will also be included. This additional equipment brings total U.S. security assistance to Ukraine to $1.5 billion since 2014, according to the Pentagon. "I think the provision of security assistance to Ukraine is vitally important. I think it has had an impact both psychologically as well as militarily on the professionalization and the capacity of the Ukrainian forces," Kurt Volker, the U.S. special representative for Ukraine, told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee at a Tuesday hearing. "I think it’s also important that Ukraine reciprocate with foreign military purchases from us as well, and I know that they intend to do so." The assistance comes at a pivotal moment for Ukraine's newly minted president, Volodymyr Zelensky, a popular comedian who won a landslide victory in April. Zelensky has made ending the Russian-backed insurrection in Ukraine's eastern Donbas region his top political priority. The conflict remains in an uneasy stalemate following international attempts to broker a ceasefire. Tensions spiked in November when Russian forces captured and detained 24 sailors following an attack on three Ukrainian vessels. "We must become Icelanders in football, Israelis in defending our native land, Japanese in technology," Zelensky said during his swearing-in speech in May. "Our first task is to achieve a ceasefire in Donbas." Volker told senators the United States should continue to add maritime and air defense capabilities to the Ukrainian arsenal as Russia continues to pose a threat in the Black Sea. "I think it’s important that NATO stand up to make clear that all of us have an interest in the freedom of navigation, the open access, the economic development of the region, and the security of the region," he said. The U.S. created the European Deterrence Initiative in 2014 in response to Russia's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea territory. Congress authorized the sale of lethal aid to Ukraine that year, but the Obama administration did not sign off on the provision due to concerns that offensive weapons could escalate tensions. U.S. support was limited to non-lethal aid until President Trump reversed the policy in 2017, though his administration proposed a 10% cut to the fund in this year's budget proposal. Rick Berger, a former Senate Budget Committee staffer who studies defense budgets for the American Enterprise Institute, told the Washington Examiner there is broad bipartisan support for continuing aid to Ukraine. He expects Congress will increase Ukrainian military support, saying there is minimal concern regarding escalation on Capitol Hill. "These aid packages are very well tailored to the things that, by and large, the Ukrainian military actually needs," Berger said. "Congress cares about Ukraine in a bipartisan fashion, and I wouldn't be surprised if [aid] goes up again in this year's" National Defense Authorization Act. The fate of next year's defense budget remains unclear, however, as congressional leaders wrangle over the federal budget as a whole New Javelin sale in the works Rebecca Kheel, 19, Reporter covering defense for The Hill, Syracuse University (3-5-2019, "US considering providing more weapons for Ukraine, general says", TheHill, , accessed 6-24-2019)//L-Anagnos The United States is considering providing Ukraine with more weapons on top of the anti-tank missiles it has already sent, a top general said Tuesday. U.S. European Command chief Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti said any shipments still have to go through “policy deliberations,” but that weapons under consideration include naval systems to help Ukraine respond to incidents such as what happened in the Kerch Strait last year. “As recommendations for Ukraine, particularly on the lethal side, work its way, it has to go through the policy deliberations that provide authority to deploy those kinds of weapon systems,” he told the Senate Armed Services Committee. “There are other systems, sn...
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