Lecture 2 - The Methods of Psychology.docx - Jessica Weissman PSY 101 The Methods of Psychology Psychology as a Science Psychology is the scientific

Lecture 2 - The Methods of Psychology.docx - Jessica...

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Jessica Weissman PSY 101 The Methods of Psychology Psychology as a Science Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and the mind Forming questions and finding answers A fact is something that is known to be true, that can be seen or observed in nature Sometimes people bias what they observe or avoid reporting everything they observe, so we must be wary of facts A theory is an organized set of principles that describes, predicts, and explains a phenomenon Provides an understanding of all the findings acquired by scientific inquiry Law of parsimony: if you have two or more theories that provide comparable and adequate accounts of the same phenomenon, you always prefer the simpler theory Scientific inquiry vs. speculative argument Scientific inquiry leads to the ability to predict a specific event, specifically behavior Limitations of intuition and common sense Questions raised by psychological science are based on intuition or common sense However, these “sources of information” may be mistaken Although people believe that rewards are unequivocally good, they take away from the pleasure of completing the task Critical Thinking: psychologists think of creative ideas, put them to the test, and scrutinize their results Scientific attitude Curiosity: a passion to explore and understand the world using scientific inquiry Skepticism: we believe very firmly that some of our ideas will not hold under scientific scrutiny Humility: we have the belief that we can make mistakes in the process of our inquiry Scientific Method
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  • Fall '04
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