Chapter 2 Guided Notes.docx - Chapter 2 Policies Practices...

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Chapter 2 Policies, Practices, and Programs Court cases influencing special Education Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia (1972) PL 94-142 (1975) The Education for All handicapped Children Act Called the “ bill of rights ” for children with exceptionalities and their families, and the “legislative heart of special education .” Six major components 1. free appropriate public education (FAPE) guarantees that all students, regardless of the severity of their disability, will receive a public education that is free and appropriate (“zero reject” philosophy). 2. Least restrictive environment (LRE): Children with disabilities are to be educated, to the maximum , with their classmates that do not have disabilities. 3. individualized education program (IEP): An educational plan that is designed to meet the individual needs of children who have disabilities that impact their educational performance. 4. procedural due process : Safeguards are provided including parents’ rights to confidentiality of records, parents’ rights for access, rights to an independent evaluation, parents’ right to legal counsel and an impartial hearing regarding disagreements. 5. Nondiscriminatory Assessment: Prior to placement, a child must be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team in all areas of suspected disability using tests that are not racially, culturally, or linguistically biased.
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