Lecture 1.pptx - HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Lecture 1 WHAT DOES THE TERM “LEARNING” MEAN TO YOU WHAT DID YOU DO THIS MORNING BASIC DEFINITION OF LEARNING

Lecture 1.pptx - HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Lecture 1 WHAT DOES...

This preview shows page 1 - 9 out of 26 pages.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Lecture 1
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

WHAT DOES THE TERM “LEARNING” MEAN TO YOU?
Image of page 2
WHAT DID YOU DO THIS MORNING?
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

BASIC DEFINITION OF LEARNING The process of change that occurs as a result of an individual’s experience Occurs in several species throughout a lifetime Incorporates the process of learning and the product of learning Process of Learning (acquisition) The initial stage of the learning in which a response is being associated with a stimulus Did this bird pick up the stick my accident to obtain food or was there a “plan of action”? Product of Learning (behavior) The actions that an organism uses to adjust to and live within its environment How often will the bird use the stick to obtain food? Will he only use the stick to obtain a specific type of food?
Image of page 4
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Aristotle Descartes The British Empiricists Structuralism Functionalism Evolution: Humans as Animals Behaviorism
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

ARISTOTLE Greek philosopher (384 – 322 BC) Aristotle’s teacher, Plato, believed that learning was a process by which we look inside ourselves to uncover the knowledge that already exists within; knowledge is inborn. Aristotle disagreed. He believed knowledge was acquired through experience. Who do you agree with? Nativism vs. Empiricism or Nature vs. Nurture
Image of page 6
ARISTOTLE Suggested that ideas come to be connected or associated with each other via four laws of association: 1. The law of similarity – events that are similar to each other 2. The law of contrast – events that are opposite to each other 3. The law of contiguity – events that occur in close proximity to each other in time or space 4. The law of frequency – events or items that occur frequently together
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

DESCARTES Father of modern philosophy (1596 – 1650) Wrote “I think, therefore I am.” Fascinated by the autonomy of the human mind. The mind is separate from the body He believed the body functions like a machine (involuntary, reflexive).
Image of page 8
Image of page 9

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes