20190926_040839671.pdf - a behavioural outcome results(Bushman Andersen 1998 Huesmann 1988 In terms of aggressive behaviour to date SIP research appears

20190926_040839671.pdf - a behavioural outcome...

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a behavioural outcome results (Bushman & Andersen, 1998; Huesmann, 1988). In terms of aggressive behaviour, to date, SIP research appears to have emphasised the social influences on aggressive behaviours i.e. situational factors that either enhance or inhibit the likelihood of aggressive behaviour (Huesmann, 1988; Yagil, 2001). In aggressive driving research such factors would include presence/absence of passengers, anonymity and type of vehicle as a social statement to name a few. However, SIP in general, appears to lack emphasis on individual differences such as personality, current mental state and the variation in behaviour that can result (Bushman & Anderson, 1998). Consequently, this appears to limit the ability of SIP processes alone to explain the aggressive behaviour of individuals. Importantly, aggression research involving SIP includes an explanation for the impact of stress, mood and subsequent emotional arousal on information processing, Psychosocial Characteristics of Aggressive Drivers 89 which may prove relevant to aggressive driving research. Arousal due to stress and mood has been found to negatively influence the cognitive evaluation process (Zillmann, 1988). For example, high levels of hostility have been found to reduce the amount of attention and evaluation given to a situation (Crick & Dodge, 1994). In addition, high levels of arousal were found to narrow the memory search and activate only those schemas/scripts that are closely connected to those cues, resulting in a narrower range of possible behavioural outcomes being available. Further, when feelings of stress are coupled with situational cues activating feelings of fear or anger, Berkowitz (1998) suggests that it is far more probable that only aggressive schemas/scripts will be activated, resulting in more aggressive behavioural responses (Berkowitz, 1998; Bushman & Anderson, 1998). Specific to aggressive driving research, however, Parkinson (2001) found that those drivers that reported negative affect prior to driving were less likely to report it as an influencing factor on self-reported levels of anger in an on-road situation.
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