20190926_040839503.pdf - anger drivers No significant...

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anger drivers. No significant effect was found for gender on ‘anger experienced’ within the high anger group consisting of 28 males and 27 females. However, males and females differed significantly in the expression of their anger with females reporting more constructive/adaptive and less hostile/aggressive behaviour than males (Gordhamer et al., 1996). Overall, the findings of this review suggest that not only does age and gender appear to influence the behavioural response to an anger-provoking road situation, it appears to influence the subjective experience of frustration and anger on the roads (Gordhamer et al., 1996). Specifically, young males appear to be more likely to perpetrate acts of hostility and aggression on the roads. Considering the possible individual differences between driver age groups, some aggressive driving researchers have emphasised the individual or trait differences that may increase or decrease the likelihood of aggression (Deffenbacher, Oetting, & Lynch, 1994; Lajunen & Parker, 2001). These are reviewed in the following sections. 2.5.2 Personality and Psychopathology A review of traffic literature indicates that several measures of a driver’s trait predisposition for stress have been utilised (Gregory, 1996). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised – Abbreviated (EPQR-A) (Francis, Brown, & Philipchalk, 1992; Forest, Lewis, & Shevlin, 2000) has been used to assess personality traits and their Psychosocial Characteristics of Aggressive Drivers 35 relationship with driver behaviour. The EPQR-A consists of measures of Extroversion, Neuroticism, Psychoticism, and a Lie scale (Gregory, 1996). Scores high on the Extroversion subscale suggest an individual is more easygoing and less likely to keep their feelings under control than introverts (low scores) and therefore perhaps more likely to behave spontaneously in a given situation (Renner & Anderle, 2000). The Neuroticism subscale reflects emotionality that ranges from ‘nervous, maladjusted and over emotional’ (high scores), to ‘stable and confident’ (low scores) (Gregory, 1996).
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  • Fall '19
  • Borderline personality disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Antisocial personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder, Lajunen & Parker

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