LTeegarden_GroupComparison.docx - 1 Lynn Teegarden BHS 240 Carrie Garman Benchmark Group Comparison Throughout this course we have learned that we are

LTeegarden_GroupComparison.docx - 1 Lynn Teegarden BHS 240...

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Lynn Teegarden BHS 240 July 28, 2019 Carrie Garman Benchmark: Group Comparison Throughout this course, we have learned that we are all part of many groups each and every day of our lives – from ones that we choose to be a part of to the ones that we often do not. Each group that we become a part of falls under a category to describe its purpose. Samuel Gladding defines those group categories as follows: task/work groups, counseling, psychoeducational, and psychotherapy (p.2, 2016). However, there are other classifications that seem fall between categories such as mixed groups. In the following paragraphs, I will compare/contrast three of such group types: counseling, psychotherapy, and mixed groups while going over each group’s target populations, strengths and weaknesses, any challenges that each face in their development. Counseling groups are defined as “…a more direct approach to dealing with troublesome behaviors.” (Gladding, 2016). As such, this particular type of group forms as a way for individuals to work on their interpersonal relationships and intrapersonal growth. A hallmark for a counseling group is that goals are personal but may not be shared by the group as a whole unlike those involved with psychoeducational or other group types. As with all groups, size and structure does vary as counseling groups can and do target those across the spectrum: children and adults alike can benefit from a counseling group. An example of a counseling group can be considered adventure therapy (also known as AT). In adventure therapy, group leaders “…utilize a combination of foundational counseling skills such as reflecting, empathy, paraphrasing, 1
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confrontation, relationship building, goal setting, and verbal processing” (Christian, Brown, & Portrie-Bethke, 2019). This is to again help participants to gain new skills that bring about growth and behavior change while promoting group cohesion. When the words ‘group therapy’ come to mind, many think of a psychotherapy group. Like many others, a psychotherapy group can serve many purposes. For example, it may be remedial and gives emphasis to “… helping people with serious psychological problems of long duration by confronting them with “their unconscious conflicts so that they may be resolved” (Gladding, 2016). While that may not seem so different than a counseling group, psychotherapy group can have different distinctions: either being open-ended (which admits new members at any point in time) or close-ended (does not admit new members after the first session). As such, this means that size of psychotherapy group can vary to up to atleast 12 members. With it being a
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  • Fall '17
  • CAROLYN STARKS
  • Psychology, group leader, Group Psychotherapy, Wilfred Bion, group comparison

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