20190926_040838257.pdf - The role of attachment in marital interactions and satisfaction is primarily relevant for counseling students their spouses and

20190926_040838257.pdf - The role of attachment in marital...

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The role of attachment in marital interactions and satisfaction is primarily relevant for counseling students, their spouses, and counselors. Although early attachment theorists assumed that attachment characteristics were stable and resistant to change (Bowlby, 1979), more recent theorists have suggested that attachment is continually shaped through interactions with significant others (Davila, Karney, & Bradbury, 1999; Johnson & Whiffen, 1999). In other words, a better understanding of attachment and how it impacts one’s appraisal of stress, coping strategies, and marital satisfaction could be beneficial to counseling students and their spouses. Additionally, if they choose to seek counseling, it might be helpful to explore attachment insecurities of each partner and 159 ways to bridge the gaps that attachment wounds create. An example of a relevant couples counseling approach is presented below. Emotionally-Focused Couple Therapy Emotionally-Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) is one approach to couples counseling that uses Attachment Theory as a guiding framework (Johnson, 2004). The major goals of EFT are to address attachment concerns, reduce attachment insecurities, and foster the creation of a secure bond. This approach focuses on facilitating corrective emotional experiences that serve to build trust and secure attachment. As described in Chapter II, internal working models are shaped through emotional experiences; therefore, EFT counselors help couples generate new emotional experiences that can disconfirm past fears and biases, allow internal models to be expanded, and new behaviors to be reinforced (Collins & Read, 1994; Johnson & Whiffen, 1999). Some of the primary assumptions of EFT are directly relevant to the current study, including the following: 1) The key issue in marital conflict is the security of the emotional bond, which is created by accessibility, responsiveness, and emotional engagement; 2) Emotion is the key factor
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