PSY201SG319.doc - PSY 201 Study Guide 3 Chapter...

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PSY 201 Study Guide 3 Chapter 5 *Learning *Conditioning *Classical conditioning (Ivan Pavlov) *Principles of classical conditioning (US, UR, CS, CR) *Factors that affect conditioning (frequency and timing of pairings) *Stimulus generalization (little Albert) and discrimination *Robert Rescorla’s views on classical conditioning *Biological preparedness (John Garcia’s research) *Learned taste aversions *Operant conditioning *Thorndike’s law of effect *Operant *Positive reinforcement *Negative reinforcement (avoidance and escape behavior) *primary and conditioned reinforcers *Punishment (by application and removal) *Factors that influence effectiveness of punishment *In Focus; strategies to change behavior without punishment *Discriminative stimulus *Extinction *Shaping *Continuous and partial reinforcement (which is more resistant to extinction) *Schedules of Reinforcement *Latent learning (Edward Chase Tolman) *Learned helplessness *Observational learning (Albert Bandura- Bobo doll research, television and violence)
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