Soc 001: Exam 1 Review Topics - READINGS Chapters 40(Collins 9(Miner 2(Coontz TEXTBOOK Chapters Intro 1 2 3 4 LECTURE Materials All lecture material

Soc 001: Exam 1 Review Topics - READINGS Chapters...

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READINGS Chapters : 40 (Collins), 9 (Miner), 2 (Coontz) TEXTBOOK Chapters Intro, 1, 2, 3, 4 LECTURE Materials All lecture material SYLLABUS 3-5 questions about course policies from the syllabus Eligible topics include but are not limited to: Attendance, Grading: rounding, Clickers and “Clicker issues”, Amount of homework, Availability of extra credit, Late homework policy, Makeup exam policy The Practical Skeptic: Textbook (Core Concepts)Terms, People and Topics to know: Be able to define the following terms, identify examples, and identify the historical figures mentioned here. Introduction Sociology: the scientific study of interactions and relations among human beings W.I. Thomas: “If people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.” The Thomas Theorem: if you want to understand why people do the things they do you have to not only take into account what is really going on in a particular situation but also what people think is going on Chapter 1 Sociology defined W.E.B. DuBois and NAACP Thought society was conflict-ridden and racial differences were more important than economic differences Founded National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to show that racial prejudice is a widespread issue Marx All but economy is epiphenomenal: everything else; ideas, values, social conventions, art, literature, morals, law, and even religion-was “epiphenomenal”, or secondary to and and in the service of the economic realities of society Proletariat: consisted of workers, survive by selling labor to the bourgeoisie Bourgeoisie: consisted of the people who owned the means of production (specifically the owners of factories) Durkheim Social Facts: consist of manners of acting, thinking, and feeling external to the individual, which are invested with a coercive power by virtue of which they exercise control over him How can society “stick together” when everyone is so different? even a society filled with selfish individuals would hold together because even selfish people need one another to survive Mechanical solidarity: “likeness”, similar experiences leading to shared ideas, values, and goals (collective conscience), community functions like a machine Organic solidarity: dissimilarity grows dependence as people need each other as source of trade, society functions as a complex entity depending on proper functioning of a variety of parts Social facts: things in society that transcend or are bigger than individuals Suicide Rates: more than a merely personal thing, strongly influenced by social factors (ex: the economy or political changes) Spenser: society governed by the same laws as the physical world, wondered how society evolves Social Darwinism: the world is a jungle where only the superior ought to prosper “survival of the fittest”: if we simply leave people alone to compete, the best will survive and the inferior will perish, society will get better over time Implications for the poor, racial and ethnic minorities: Spenser and followers
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  • Spring '08
  • STURM,ROBERTARTH
  • Sociology

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