7 notes - Arab-Israeli Conlfict-Notes History of...

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Arab-Israeli Conlfict-Notes 9/6/07 History of Arab-Israeli Conflict in Maps (look at maps handout) The Middle East Circa 1914 No borders for any modern state we know (Iraq, Iran, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria) Ottoman Empire and Germany allies during WWI Lose control of the Arab provinces as a result of losing WWI Borders created by England, France (and to a lesser extent to US) as they gain control of these provinces o Borders drawn not to reflect interests of indigenous population, instead made up by economic, social, and imperialistic interests of England and France o British don’t encourage self-determination within Arab states in 1920s and 1930s o Notables in Arab states don’t encourage it either (want to maintain control and act as intermediaries between foreigners) British open up Suez Canal with France in 1869 o 106 miles long o Shortens route to India o Occupies Egypt until 1940s and this occupation becomes central to British foreign policy in the Middle East o No Egyptians serve in cabinet in Egypt until 1907 Palestine and Syria 1915 Sections divided up into vilayets which were subdivided into sanjaks Sanjaks run by local bureaucrats who collected taxes for the states keeping some for themselves and passing to rest on Bureaucrats have no reason to look out for the folks below The Middle East Sykes-Picot Agreement 1916 One of three major documents that result from WWI and deal with how to divide it up (2 nd of the three) Secretly negotiated agreement between England and France deciding how to split up Middle East even before war was over England controls “Red Zone, ‘B’ Zone, and ‘A’ Zone” France receives “Blue Zone” (modern Syria and Lebanon and nurtures them to be able to self-govern with France still exerting influence of foreign policy) o Lebanon created in 1920 to protect and satisfy Mennonite Christians (Arab Christians and minority population) : Lebanon creates system of government where individual religious groups develop own way of rule so there is no sense of Lebanon nationalism o
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