Application of Role Theory - Application of Role Theory...

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Unformatted text preview: Application of Role Theory Michael Green Walden University The Case of Jake Levy ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Jake Levy, a 31-year-old, married, Jewish Caucasian male Wife, Sheri, is 28 years old. They have two sons, Myles (10) and Levi (8). The family resides in a two-bedroom condominium in a middle-class neighborhood in Rockville, MD. They have been married for 10 years. An Iraqi War veteran Enlisted in the Marines at 21-years-old Born in Alabama to a Caucasian, Eurocentric family system Employed as a human resources assistant for the military Jake and Sheri identify as Jewish and attend a local synagogue on major holidays Jake is physically fit, but an injury he sustained in combat sometimes limits his ability to use his left hand. Denies having criminal history Role Theory ● ● Role theory concerns the tendency for human behaviors to form characteristic patterns that may be predicted if one knows the social context in which those behaviors appear. It explains those behavior patterns, (or roles) by assuming that persons within a context appear as members of recognized social identities (or positions) and that they and others hold ideas (expectations) about behaviors in that setting (Davis, 1996). Role theory is not one theory. Rather, it is a set of concepts and interrelated theories that are at the foundation of social science in general, and the study of the family in particular (2003). Presenting Problem & Relevant Roles Jake presenting problem is that he has a drinking problem. His alcohol abuse has caused him to have an lack of involvement with his family, especially his sons. Jake’s roles are: ● ● ● Provider for the family Father Husband Social Expectation, Social Position & Role Script ● Husband ● A social expectation of the husband is to be a provider for the family and take care of household needs ● A social position is that the husband is to provide all the needs of the wife and family ● Role Script for Jake, a husband, is to get up in the morning, and perform his daily routine, which is showering, getting dressed, and going to work. ● A script is a person’s knowledge about the sequence of events expected in a specific setting (Schank & Abelson, 1977). Role & Social Position of Social Worker ● ● ● The social worker’s role in this case is to be a counselor, which can help provide resources for Jake. Building rapport with client will help build trust with client Also, as the social worker and the client continue to work with each other, the more the client will begin to build trust. Three Assessment Questions Guided By Role Theory 1.) 2.) 3.) Do you feel that you are good father ? Do believe that you are a good husband to your wife ? How would you define a good husband and a good father? Two Interventions ● ● The author would choose to put Jake in some individual therapy sessions. The focus in these sessions would be changing Jake’s behavior. The second intervention would be family or couples therapy. The focus on this form of therapy would be to rebuild a better relationship between Jake, his wife and sons. Outcome ● One outcome that the writer would measure in the individual therapy is Jake willingness to open up to me as the therapist. When clients show that they are willing to open up, they show that they are willing and ready for change. An Advantage & Limitation ● One advantage of using the role theory is understanding the makeup and the entire layout of the family, while also learning what each person’s role is. ● One limitation is this theory may not be the cause of the Jake’s presenting problem that was identified in the case study. References ● Davis, L. V. (1996). Role theory and social work treatment. In F. J. Turner (Ed.), Social work treatment: Interlocking theoretical approaches (pp. 581-600). New York, NY, US: Free Press. ● Role Theory. (2003). Retrieved June 23, 2019, from ● Schank, R. C., Abelson, R. (1977). Scripts, plans, goals, and understanding: An inquiry into human knowledge. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates ● Theory Into Practice: Four Social Work Case Studies “The Case of Jake Levy” ...
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