Unformatted text preview: Application of Role Theory
Walden University The Case of Jake Levy
● Jake Levy, a 31-year-old, married, Jewish Caucasian male
Wife, Sheri, is 28 years old. They have two sons, Myles (10) and Levi (8). The family resides in a
two-bedroom condominium in a middle-class neighborhood in Rockville, MD. They have been married
for 10 years.
An Iraqi War veteran
Enlisted in the Marines at 21-years-old
Born in Alabama to a Caucasian, Eurocentric family system
Employed as a human resources assistant for the military
Jake and Sheri identify as Jewish and attend a local synagogue on major holidays
Jake is physically fit, but an injury he sustained in combat sometimes limits his ability to use his left
Denies having criminal history Role Theory
● ● Role theory concerns the tendency for human behaviors to form characteristic patterns that may be
predicted if one knows the social context in which those behaviors appear. It explains those behavior
patterns, (or roles) by assuming that persons within a context appear as members of recognized social
identities (or positions) and that they and others hold ideas (expectations) about behaviors in that
setting (Davis, 1996).
Role theory is not one theory. Rather, it is a set of concepts and interrelated theories that are at the
foundation of social science in general, and the study of the family in particular (2003). Presenting Problem & Relevant Roles
Jake presenting problem is that he has a
drinking problem. His alcohol abuse has
caused him to have an lack of involvement
with his family, especially his sons. Jake’s roles are:
● Provider for the family
Husband Social Expectation, Social Position & Role
● Husband ● A social expectation of the husband is to be a provider for the family and take care of household
needs ● A social position is that the husband is to provide all the needs of the wife and family ● Role Script for Jake, a husband, is to get up in the morning, and perform his daily routine, which is
showering, getting dressed, and going to work. ● A script is a person’s knowledge about the sequence of events expected in a specific setting (Schank &
Abelson, 1977). Role & Social Position of Social Worker
● The social worker’s role in this case is to be a counselor, which can help provide resources for Jake.
Building rapport with client will help build trust with client
Also, as the social worker and the client continue to work with each other, the more the client will
begin to build trust. Three Assessment Questions Guided By
3.) Do you feel that you are good father ?
Do believe that you are a good husband to your wife ?
How would you define a good husband and a good father? Two Interventions
● The author would choose to put Jake in some individual therapy sessions. The focus in these sessions
would be changing Jake’s behavior.
The second intervention would be family or couples therapy. The focus on this form of therapy would
be to rebuild a better relationship between Jake, his wife and sons. Outcome
● One outcome that the writer would measure in the individual therapy is Jake willingness to open up to
me as the therapist. When clients show that they are willing to open up, they show that they are
willing and ready for change. An Advantage & Limitation
● One advantage of using the role theory is understanding the makeup and the entire layout of the
family, while also learning what each person’s role is. ● One limitation is this theory may not be the cause of the Jake’s presenting problem that was identified
in the case study. References
● Davis, L. V. (1996). Role theory and social work treatment. In F. J. Turner (Ed.), Social work treatment:
Interlocking theoretical approaches (pp. 581-600). New York, NY, US: Free Press. ● Role Theory. (2003). Retrieved June 23, 2019, from
● Schank, R. C., Abelson, R. (1977). Scripts, plans, goals, and understanding: An inquiry into human
knowledge. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates ● Theory Into Practice: Four Social Work Case Studies “The Case of Jake Levy” ...
View Full Document