Spring 2008 Midterm Review

Spring 2008 Midterm - 1 Structural functionalism an approach to the study of social phenomenon which utilizes the idea that society is a living

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1. Structural functionalism: an approach to the study of social phenomenon which utilizes the idea that society is a living organism which tends towards equilibrium and needs to adapt to its environment 2. Paradigm: a framework of guiding assumptions, theories, and methods that altogether are an approach to a sociological study 3. Epistemology: how people come up with questions; investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge 4. Values: the basic values of what is good or bad (socially constructed and culturally defined) 5. Norms: rules of behavior derived from values 6. Division of labor: part of structural functionalism, leads to mechanical or organic solidarity 7. Anomie: inability to control the behaviors of individuals, which leads to social chaos (lack of the usual social or ethical standards in an individual or group) 8. Egoistic suicide: excessive individualism = not tied to anyone, socially isolated 9. Mechanical vs. Organic solidarity: mechanical = simple, hunter-gatherer society and everyone basically has the same job, organic = complex, specialized society that works together to operate the organism (structural functionalism) 10. Collective conscience: we have similar conscious and values, but as diversity is increasing, we share less 11. Culture: the totality of learned, socially transmitted behavior 12. Collective effervescence: people coming together experience something that exists in a
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Gold during the Winter '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Spring 2008 Midterm - 1 Structural functionalism an approach to the study of social phenomenon which utilizes the idea that society is a living

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