150studygdexmFinalExamFa17.docx - Fall 2017 Feldman 1 PSYCH...

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Fall 2017 Feldman - 1 PSYCH 150A1: Structure of Mind & Behavior FINAL EXAM Study guide Italics indicate information from text you should know (information from the text that is NOT listed on the study guide will NOT be covered on the exam) See STUDY TIPS (also posted) for additional help w/studying MATERIAL FROM EXAM 1 Study Guide for Chapter 10 - Personality You should be able to define / describe / provide an example of / identify an example of: I. Groups of personality theories – different approaches try to do different things A. Psychodynamic perspective – originated with Freud 1. Key assumptions a. The most important causes of behavior are motives, especially unconscious motives b. Personality is determined by the interplay of inner conflicts & their resolution c. Personality is set by adolescence 2. Three levels of awareness a. Conscious b. Preconscious c. Unconscious 3. Three systems of personality a. Id i. Pleasure principle b. Ego i. Reality principle c. Superego i. Moral principle ii. Comprised of: Conscience Ideal 4. Defense mechanisms 5. Psychosexual development a. Fixation b. Oral stage (birth to 18 months) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Mouth oral gratification from suckling, eating, biting
Fall 2017 Feldman - 2 ii. major conflict at this stage? weaning iii. adult traits associated with problems at this stage optimism, gullibility, dependency vs. pessimism, passivity, hostility, etc. c. Anal stage (18 months to 36 months) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Anus gratification from expelling & withholding feces ii. major conflict at this stage? toilet training iii. adult traits associated with problems at this stage anal-expulsive traits: messiness, carelessness, etc. anal-retentive traits: excessive cleanliness, orderliness, perfectionism, etc. d. Phallic stage (3 to 6 yrs) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Genitals sexual curiosity masturbation ii. major conflict at this stage? Oedipus complex & castration anxiety (for boys) Electra complex & penis envy (for girls) iii. adult traits associated with problems at this stage girls: flirtatiousness, promiscuity, chastity boys: macho/aggressive sexuality, excessive career/power striving vs. sexual/occupational impotence e. Latency stage (6 to puberty) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = dormant sexual feelings ii. conflicts/experiences Period of sexual calm Interest in school, hobbies, same-sex friends f. Genital stage (from puberty on) i. part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Genitals ii. conflicts/experiences Revival of sexual interests Establishment of mature sexual relationships B. The Neo-Freudians 1. Carl Jung & Analytical psychology a. Components of personality i. Ego ii. Personal unconscious iii. Collective unconscious b. Archetypes i. Anima (female component of the male psyche) ii. Animus (male component of the female psyche) iii. The Shadow iv. The Persona
Fall 2017 Feldman - 3 v. The Self 2. Alfred Adler & Individual psychology a. Main contributions i. Inferiority complex ii. Creative self

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