Week 5 Research Paper.docx - Isabela French Professor...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Isabela FrenchProfessor SmulevitzARTF111September 16, 2019The Dome of the RockIn the 7th century, the Islamic religion came to be. After Muhammad’s death in632 AD, four leaders known as the Rightly Guided Caliphs continued to spread Islam.The first Islamic dynasty was created when the Umayyad caliphate was established. Acaliphate is an Islamic state that is ruled by a caliph, or one of Muhammad’ssuccessors. In the early years of the spread of Islam, there was a desparate need forplaces of worship, referred to as mosques. The Dome of the Rock was one of theearliest artistic projects of the Islamic world that was built during the Umayyad period. Itis unknown what the actual purpose of the Dome of the Rock was when it was originallybuilt; however, it is not a mosque, but it is a very significant architectural masterpiecethat holds meaning to the Islamic faith to this day.The astonishing monument is located in Jerusalem, Israel and was built from 687to 691 AD. “The Dome of the Rock was designed and built during the caliphate of Abdal-Malik, the 5th Umayyad caliph of Islam” (Islam). At first glance, the first thing the eyeis drawn to is the golden dome at the top of the building. Beneath is an octogonalshaped base which is decorated with beautiful mosaics that depict scrolls motifs,vessels, winged crowns, and other iconography of the civilization. Surrounding theexterior are columns and piers that are placed in a octogonal shape as well. Both theshape of the structure and the mosaic techniques were heavily influenced by the

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture