Mid-Term-1-Review-FINAL-REVIEW.docx - HIST 10 Review Sheet...

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HIST 10Review Sheet Mid-term #1-76% of the test will be derived from the terms on this list-all terms are in the lecture notes, the readings or both-the remainder of the test will consist of questions from your TA and thediscussion sections* * *1.Mesopotamia2.SumeriansFirst known Civilization3.SargonAkkadian => Akkadian EmpireOverran Sumerian city-stateEstablished 1stEmpireUnified all of Mesopotamia and land west of MediterraneanEmpire fell because of attacks from neighboring hill people4.HammurabiKing of BabyloniaRuled after SargonConquered Sumer and Akkad => new Mediterranean EmpireEstablished capital at BabylonReasons for success to conqueroGood military leaderoGood armyWell disciplined, had spears, axes, and copper and bronze daggersHe was a good leaderoBuilt TemplesoDefensive WallsoIrrigation canalsoEncouraged tradeoBought economic revivalCulture of MesopotamiaoCode of Hammurabi : eye for an eyeWomen had less rightsMen ruled over woman and childrenoReligiousoKings were appointed by god’soNatural disasters showed displeasureoHumans did god’s dirty workoDivinations Page 1of 12
Cuneiform writing system5.Nile River Fresh water for people and cropsPredictableWater current went north = wind went southoGood for transportation = can control people better6.Menes/Narmer – old kingdomFirst PharaohUnited the upper and lower Egypt to one kingdom7.Khufu/Cheops – middle kingdomEgyptian PharaohBuild the great pyramid of GizaoSymbol of royal power, Egyptian wealth, and spiritual conviction8.Nubia 9.Harkhuf10. HyksosPastoral people – lived off of animals and moved around (uncivilized)Invaded EgyptFirst people to ever conquer EgyptHad horse drawn chariots that overwhelmed EgyptEnded Egyptian middle kingdomTaught Egyptians military skills, and how to use bronze for farming and weapons11. HatshepsutFirst female pharaoh12. Tuthmosis IIISucceeded HatshepsutLed military forces to Syria and Canaan and reached Euphrates riverMade Egypt the largest at that timeOne of the greatest pharaohs of all time13. Amenhotep IV14. Kush 15. Indo-EuropeansNomadic people – hunter gatherersAll spoke languages from same mother tongue16. HittitesIndo-EuropeansFirst to use IronOne of the great EmpiresExpansion leads to war with EgyptoLed by MuwatallisoPeace treaty signedDestroyed by the great catastrophe17. Assyrian EmpireWhere: MesopotamiaSemitic PeopleConquered largest amount of land at timePage 2of 12
oComposed of Mesopotamia, near east, EgyptFactors for successoGood leadershipSargon II and Tiglathpileser IIIoGood and large armyGood at cavalry warfareGave them flexibilityMade them fasterChase down enemiesAttack from sidesHad ironHad professional soldiersSpent all time training and fighting

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