Disorders_Study_Guide - AP Psychology Psychological...

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AP Psychology Psychological Disorders  Study Guide (Chapter 15) Due Date (In Class):  March 20, 2007 Deadline (In Class):   March 22, 2007 20 possible points Name _Kristina  Dutcher__
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Period __2__    Vocabulary – Briefly define each term on a separate sheet of paper and                            staple  it to the end of the packet. psychological disorder mood disorders medical model major depressive disorder bio-psycho-social perspective manic episode DSM-IV bipolar disorder neurotic disorder dissociative disorders psychotic disorder dissociative identity disorder anxiety disorders schizophrenia generalized anxiety disorder delusions panic disorder personality disorders phobia antisocial personality obsessive-compulsive disorder Briefly answer each of the following questions. I. Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Q. What are some opinions as to how we draw the line between normality and disorder?                Between normality and abnormality there is not a gulf but a somewhat arbitrary line. Where we draw that line  depends on how atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable a person’s behavior is. Q. What theoretical models or perspectives can help us to understand psychological disorders? The medical model’s assumption that psychological disorders are mental illnesses displaced earlier views that demons  and evil spirits were to blame. However, critics question the medical model’s labeling of psychological disorders as sicknesses.  Most mental heath workers today adapt a bio-psycho-social perspective. They assume that disorders are influenced by genetic  predisposition, physiological states, psychological dynamics, and social circumstances . Q. How and when to clinicians classify psychological disorders? Many psychiatrists and psychologists use the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders for naming the  describing psychological disorders to facilitate treatment and research.       Q.  Why do some psychologists criticize the use of diagnostic labels?
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