APmemory - Memory persistence of learning over time via the...

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1 Memory : persistence of learning over time via the storage and retrieval of info Flashbulb memory: a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event; San Francisco residence recalling 1989 Earthquake Human memory like a computer Get info into our brain encoding Retain info storage Get it back later retrieval Humans store vast amounts of info in long-term memory : relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system Short-term memory : activated memory that holds few items brie fly Atkinson and Shiffrin sensory memory Encoding Long-term memory Encoding Automatic processing : unconscious encoding of incidental info; occurs with little or no effort, without our awareness, and without interfering with our thinking of other things; space, time, frequency, well-learned info
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Effortful processing : encoding that requires attention and conscious effort; memorizing these notes for the AP
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Unformatted text preview: Psychology exam After practice, effort processing becomes more automatic; reading from right to left for students of Hebrew Can boost memory through rehearsal : conscious repetition of info, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage Next-in-line effect : when people go around circle saying names/words, poorest memories are for name/word person before them said Info received before sleep is hardly ever remembered Retain info better when rehearsal distributed over time – phenomenon called spacing effect : tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through cramming When given a list of items and ask to recall, people often demonstrate serial position effect : tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list How does this help you study?...
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  • Fall '07
  • Psychology, San Francisco, info Flashbulb memory, Retain info ­storage, Earthquake Human memory, Shiffrin sensory memory

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