Operant_Conditioning - Operant Conditioning Operant...

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1 Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning developed by B.F. Skinner, is a type of learning where organisms learn to Voluntarily respond a certain way depending on the consequences (like reward or punishment). Operant Behavior – The learned behavior that acts upon the situation and this behavior produces consequences. I.e. . If you learned that eating on the bed makes your parents mad at you, your eating behavior will change depending on what kind of responses you want the situation (parents yelling or not) to have. Law of Effect – Behavior that is rewarded is more likely to occur again. Skinner Box – The box Skinner used to research on animal behavior. The box has a bar/button that the animal can push to obtain rewards (food). The rate of pushing is recorded. Shaping – Gradually rewarding the organism as it approaches the desired behavior. I.e. . If you want a bird to peck on a bar, you would feed it every time it got closer and closer to the bar but ignoring every other behavior it does. Thus, you are shaping the behavior with successive approximations. Reinforcers
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Matchock,robert during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Operant_Conditioning - Operant Conditioning Operant...

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