AP World Study Notes - AP World Study Notes Neolithic Revolution(8000 BCE 3500 BCE \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf AP World History begins

AP World Study Notes - AP World Study Notes Neolithic...

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AP World Study Notes Neolithic Revolution (8000 BCE- 3500 BCE) AP World History begins Domestication of plants Jared Diamond's article "The Worst Mistake in Human History" First wheat in the Middle East Rice in East and Southeast Asia Yams in West Africa Maize in the Americas Tarot roots in New Guinea Domestication of animals Horses, cows, sheep, pigs, goats in Afro-Eurasia Llama only large domesticated animal of the Americas Early settlements not "civilizations" Jericho and Catal Huyuk Domestication of plants and animals leads to a food surplus Food surplus leads to a specialization of labor creating: Religion, writing, artisans and goods, merchants and trade, architectural advances, military and improved technologies (Ex. Wheel (3500 BCE), plow, iron) Iron metallurgy Bronze Age (3000 BCE) Iron Age (1300 BCE) Theme 1 (Interaction between humans and environment) seen with farming and irrigation Theme 2 (Development and interaction between cultures) seen as Indus and Mesopotamians trade Americas develop in isolation As “civilizations” progress, the status of women falls sharply! Ancient River Civilizations (3500 BCE- 600 BCE) Mesopotamia Highlights include: Epic of Gilgamesh Cuneiform Polytheistic City states make them not as centralized Development of the wheel Hammurabi’s code shows strict laws and social stratification Diffusion of iron/Hittites Egypt Highlights include: Hieroglyphics
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Godlike power of the pharaoh Highly centralized Pyramids Social stratification with priests and slaves Polytheistic Old Kingdom (Menes, pyramids) Middle Kingdom (Nubians) New Kingdom (Egypt becomes more expansionistic) Gave more rights to women than other civilizations (Ex. Queen Hatshepsut) Indus River Valley Highlights include: Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro (Pakistan) Indoor plumbing Writing (not decoded yet) Social stratifications (priests, better houses) Seals show trade with Mesopotamia Aryans: Indo Europeans invade, Vedas form the basis of Hinduism, caste system becomes embedded in Indian culture (Warriors, priests, merchants and workers) China Shang Dynasty (Oracle bones, bronze weapons, dynastic cycles) Zhou Dynasty Mandate of Heaven used to justify rebellions Longest lasting Chinese dynasty Exceptions to the river valley rule: Chavin (Peru) and Olmec (Central America) Noteworthy groups of Period 1 (8000 BCE-600 BCE) Indo European migrations (central Asia, horses, language) Bantu migrations Sub-Saharan Africa, impact on language, farming, iron technology Hebrews Monotheism, Abraham, covenant with God Phoenicians 22 letter alphabet Religions: Animism (spirits reside in ordinary objects) Africa, North America, Central Asia Hinduism Judaism Zoroastrianism
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Teachings of Zoroaster or Zarathustra, Persia, good and evil Big Picture Review
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