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Jeff ShawOne cannot study Orientalism, as defined by Edward Said, without first having a solid understanding of many of the concepts that we have reviewed in this course. Michel Foucault’s theory of power and discourse, Antonio Gramsci’s theory of hegemony, and even some Marxist theory all make their appearance as Said makes his case that the concept of the Orient is a European invention designed to help Europeans come to terms with the Orient’s special place in European history (Said, Orientalism, p. 1). Said’s lengthy definition of Orientalism demonstrates that the idea of Orientalism relies on concepts that permeate the field of cultural studies. Said states that Orientalism is “a certain will or intentionto understand, in some cases to control, manipulate, or even to incorporate what is a manifestly different world” (Said, p. 12). Here we have Gramsci’s concept of hegemony on full display. The Europeans, in establishing the Orient as an “other,” or as something