notes for conflict in the middle east

notes for conflict in the middle east - In 1979 the shah of...

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In 1979 the shah of Iran was overthrown by a revolution by the rhetoric of ayatollah Khomeini. The regime that emerged was the Islamic republic of Iran they called for the spread of Islamic revolution for every region in the Middle East. With the advent of the Islamic republic and its militant vision the tension between Iran and Iraq from the 1975 Algiers agreement were once again brought into the open. Issues that divided the countries: -long standing cultural rivalry between Arab and Persian civilizations -immediate disputes over frontiers and navigation rights -conflicting interpretations of the role of nationalism and religion in public life One major question was Iraqis northern border -the Kurds took advantage of the Iranian revolution to resume their armed insurrection against the regime of saddam The new Iranian govt refused to close its borders to the Kurds seeking refuge from the Iraq army which violated the terms of the 1975 Algiers agreement
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