history 2112 notes #2 - History 2112 I The New Deal A 4 Rs...

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History 2112 1. The New Deal 1. 4 R’s: relief, recovery, regulation, reform 2. Agricultural Adjustment Act – controversial, radical, experimental method to get farmers under control – paid farmers not to plant all of their crops 1. Reduce the supply increase the demand 2. People end up not having enough food 3. National industrial recovery act – attempt to get a grip on industry by mandating that all members of an industry come together and form an internal organization overseen by federal agents to come up with regulatory codes 4. Established a minimum wage for the first time – different for different regions 5. Some things are working, and others are not working 6. Later new deal legislation 2. 2 nd New Deal 1. Social Security Act – 1935 1. Provides unemployment compensation 2. Direct aid for handicapped, orphans, etc. 2. Wagner Act – 1935 1. Rights of workers 2. Labor disputes 3. Unions have to be recognized and dealt with 3. Revenue Act of 1935 4. Rural electrification act 5. Fair labor standards act – 1938 1. Steady gains for labor 2. Establishes a national minimum wage 3. 8 hour work day; overtime pay 3. Election of 1936 1. FDR 2. Alf Landon 4. New Deal Coalition = urban, South West, Blacks, labor 5. Opposition to New Deal 1. Supreme Court 2. Big business leaders 3. Father Charles Coughlin 1. Catholic priest and Detroit radio host 2. We should return to the coinage of silver 3. Anti-Semitic = quick to blame Jews 4. Dr. Francis Townshend 1. Physician
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2. Townshend plan – the government gives all Americans over 60, $200 a month as long as they spend it 5. Huey Long 1. Governor/senator of Louisiana 2. Fictional story about him: All the King’s Men 3. Southern demagogue 4. Idea of making everyman a king 5. Wants to liquidate money in America 6. Gives Americans a $5000 annual income 7. Taking from the rich to give to the poor 8. Assassinated 9. Many Share Our Wealth Clubs = influenced the Revenue Act 6. Nye committee 7. Neutrality acts (1935-37) 1. No sales of munitions to countries at war 2. All sales of other goods on “cash & carry” basis 3. No passengers on ships of nations at war 8. Brand Treaty – 1928 1. Most nations of the world sign 2. All of these countries are opposed to war unless out of self-defense 9. Fascist Regimes 1. Italy – Mussolini – 1922 1. Totalitarian methods 2. “made the trains run on time” 3. Invade Ethiopia 2. Germany – Hitler – 1933 (National Socialist Party) 1. Germans are becoming aggressive 2. Moves towards Austria to reunite the German-speaking countries and is able to take control with little effort 3. The move towards Czech 4. Treaty of Versailles took chunks out of German-speaking countries, which angers Hitler 5. Prime Minister of England meets with Hitler, who says that Germany is ready to call it quits. 3. Spain – Franco – 1936-39 (Spanish Civil War) 1.
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