pols 3 - Federalism I American-style federalism A In a...

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Federalism I. American-style federalism A. In a federal system, the authority is divided between two or more distinct levels of government B. In the U.S., the division is between the national (federal) government and the states C. In this type of system, typically the central government establishes national policies and raises and distributes funds to the local units to carry them out D. Lower level units primarily function as the administrative apparatus of the national government II. Qualifications of Federal Systems A. A government must have constitutional relations across levels, interaction that satisfy three general conditions: 1. The same people and territories are included in both levels of government 2. The nation’s constitution protects units at each level of government from encroachment by the other units 3. Each unit is in a position to exert some leverage over the other B. The second condition, independence, sets the stage for the third condition, mutual influence C. Independence was the missing ingredient that made the national government impotent under the Articles of Confederation D. Note also that local governments are not a separate level of government III. Federalism gone made in GA A. It is illegal to use profanity in front of a dead body which lies in a funeral home or in a coroner’s office B. Members of the state assemble cannot be ticketed for speeding while the state assembly is in session C. Donkeys may not be kept in bathtubs D. No one may carry an ice cream cone in their back pocket if it is Sunday IV. From dual to shared federalism A. Two distinct forms of American federalism have been identified 1. Dual federalism a) This type of federalism leaves the states and the national government presiding over mutually exclusive “spheres of sovereignty” 2. Shared federalism a) It recognizes that the national and state governments jointly supple services to the citizenry 3. Over the years, progressive nationalization has moved American federalism from mostly dual to mostly shared B. Shared federalism 1. The scope and complexity of modern problems mandate a joint, cooperative strategy 2. Some argue that the federal government has so intruded into the traditional responsibilities of states and local communities that even “shared” federalism is a misnomer 3. But if there have always been critics, how did we get to this point? V. The logic of nationalization A. How does policy become nationalized B. Generally, two scenarios: 1. Realities of collective action (problem solving) 2. Purely political considerations (i.e. opportunities for political advantage) C.
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