kas1_rev 1.pdf - KASAYSAYAN 1 \u2013 LONG EXAM#1 v Historical Models illustrates flow and progress of events What is History v Etymology \u00d8 Greek

kas1_rev 1.pdf - KASAYSAYAN 1 u2013 LONG EXAM#1 v...

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KASAYSAYAN 1 – LONG EXAM #1 What is History? v Etymology Ø Greek: “historia”, knowledge based on inquiry or investigation Ø 6 th -9 th century: accounts of past events Ø 14 th century: Ibn Khaldun’s Al Muqaddimah (Introduction to Social Sciences); societal changes Ø 19 th century: Dr. Jose Rizal à achievements Wanted Filipinos to feel deserving of Spanish citizenship and attain equality between them; propagandistic v Definition/Characteristics A. It is a narrative of past events 1) History Past: only deals with the relevant 2) Has 3 elements: 3) History Chronicle Ø History pertains to connections; chronicle pertains to chronology (sequencing of events) 4) History has NO finality Ø New information or sources can be found Ø New interpretations to past events B. It is a discipline/branch of knowledge 1) Relevant 2) Objective: sources; scientific in nature 3) Subjective: has varying interpretations; bias, prejudice, propaganda, different points of view and experiences; selection of data and sources 4) Growing/Evolving Ø Historiography: history of history-writing Ø Traditional (Pre-20 th century) Elite-centric Focus: politics, economy, diplomacy Method: POSITIVISM (Auguste Comte) " Knowledge can only be acquired/obtained through tangible sources " Leopolde von Ranke : written documents " Charles Seignobos and Charles Victor Langlois: no documents no history Ø New History/Nouvelle Historie (1920) Annales School (School of Historians) Focus: society and culture, historie de mentalities (history of mentalities), rural, women " The Royal Touch by Marc Bloch : discusses how people thought royals could heal ailments by touch " The Mediterranean by Fernand Braudel : cultural history " The Birth of Purgatory by Jacques Le Goff : people were afraid of going to hell so they made up purgatory Method: oral history methodology, artifacts (man- made), fossils (organic), folklore " Interdisciplinary and Social Sciences: new sources, new perspectives and concepts " ‘History from below’: source from Annales v Historical Models: illustrates flow and progress of events v Historical Sources (Batis Pangkasaysayan) A. According to Form B. According to Importance People Time Place Linear Model • Has a definite start and end point Fatalistic/providential: heavily influenced by the Judeo- Christian movement (the Bible) Cyclical Model “History repeats itself” •Contradicts characteristic of history which states that history has 3 elements: time, place, and people. Time is the element that cannot repeat Spiral Model • Argues that time does not repeat • Instead, there is an occurrence of similarities, not repetitions (orange: similarities) Chaotic View: no pattern Written/Published Written/Published : archival (sinupan); e.g.
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