Ed Sci 231 Notes 1-28 - Adolescence in Historical...

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Adolescence in Historical Perspective - Four Questions for Today o Is adolescence timeless or time-dependant? o What causes adolescence to appear? o Where did “contemporary” adolescence come from? o So what? Characteristics Aristotle associated with adolescence… - Prone to desires - No sexual restraint - Fickle - Passionate - Impulsive Perspectives Through the ages… - Aristotle: emotional upheaval - Plato: self-determination (personality) - Constantine: biological growth - Shakespeare: Lover/soldier (roles) - Rousseau: emerging cognitive capacities Perspective within an age: Role of Culture - Is adolescence full of “storm and stress”? - Sigmund Freud o Emotional upheaval with surge of “reformulated” libidinal drives (hormonal) - Margaret Mead o Stress is a cultural possibility, not a biological inevitability Lessons Learned: - Adolescence involves more than biological changes (puberty) - Scholars disagree about the underlying factor in adolescence - Basis for defining adolescence changes across time and place
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- So is adolescence inevitable?
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