Midterm Exam Study Guide

Midterm Exam Study Guide - 1 Binding Spells Curse Tablets...

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Binding Spells/ Curse Tablets - written on lead (lead is associated with the underworld) - competitive tablets o curse on opponent o usually for a chariot race, business owner - Judicial curses o Cursing a prosecutor who could potentially win a case against you o Plea for justice or revenge - protective amulets o work in a similar way to curse tablets - erotic curses o make someone fall back in love or come back o hetero and homosexual tablets o bind mentally and physically o figurines: often made of clay or wax, can do different things to them (bury, pierce with pins) - Theocritus o Hellenistic poet, based in Egypt, very educated o Idyll 2 – erotic spell in a poem Woman is going to bind her former lover to make him come back to her Stage I --- ingredients, sacrifice, Hecate Stage II --- turns something to make Delphis turn back to her Stage III --- homeopathic and contagious magic Refrain between each stage addressed to Iynx Wry neck bird, nymph with the power to make Zeus fall in love at will Roman Magic - Twelve Tables (451 bc) o Earliest Roman law code, civil and criminal law o Not allowed to cast a harmful spell on anyone - Cornelian Law on Assassins and Poisoners (81 bc) o Sulla passes a law against magic o As Sulla increased the power of the Senate, he wanted legislation to protect the Senate from magical attack o Assassins: brought to public trial and able to defend himself o Poisoners: ambiguous, magic or malicious, had to prove original intent o **lays foundation for how to deal legally with witchcraft and magic - Bacchich Mysteries (186 bc) o Cult of Bacchus --- celebrations, wine, frenzy, feasting o One account from Livy o Rumor begin to circulate about crimes being committed by this cult o If someone refuses to participate in the trial, they are murdered o Members are huge in number and very high in society o Story is brought before the senate No longer in secret Guards prevented the members from leaving Rome o **set a precedent for later European and Salem witch trials - Catullus (poet) o Argued that magus was the product of incest between a mother and son - Virgil (author) o “Eclogue o uses the adjective ‘magicus’ freely o draws from previous authors (Theocritus) o ‘lycanthropy’ --- ability of men to transform into wolves - Horace o ‘Incantation to Camidia’ using a young boy’s entrails to perform erotic magic incubus --- will sit on her chest while she sleeps succubus --- rival in love o “Satire 18” 1
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satirical portrayal of Camidia Priapus (narrator) is a crow- like figure **lighthearted attitude towards magic - Augustus (31 bce – 14 ce) o Architect of the roman state o Deported Roman magus because they were a source of concern o 9 C.E. earliest case of Roman magic Germanicus --- heir to the throne Adopted by Tiberius (real heir to the throne) Romans preferred Germanicus to Tiberius Germ angers Tiber and is later found dead Death by poison, but also witchcraft - Lucan o Wrote a story about a civil war between Pompey and Caesar o
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