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I.Author’s BackgroundEuripides was born around 485 BC in Salamis Island, Greece. He was one of the most famous poets, playwrights, and dramatists of his time and his work influenced some of the greatest minds like Socrates and Aristotle. Euripide married twice, first to Melito Choerine then to Choirile, and had three sons named Mnesarchides, Mnesilochus, and Euripides. His first play was Daughters of Pelias in 455 BC, which was the story of King Pelias and his daughters who ended up murdering their father. Over his career as a playwright, Euripides wrote an estimated number of 90 plays, which only 19 of them had survived through manuscripts. Some of his most popular works includeMedea, The Trojan Women, Alcestis, and The Bacchae.Euripides competed in the Athenian Dramatic festivals annually during his career, despite being one of the greatest dramatists of his time, Euripides only achieved four victories. Euripides plays and workswere often very dark and had a lot of violence. In many of his works, he often had very powerfulfemale protagonists. Euripides was also known to be philosophical and because of that reason, hewas named a realist and an intellectual tragedian. Euripides lived in Athens for most of his life, but later was invited by the King of Macedonia Archelaus to live in Macedonia. He later died there in 406 BC.“Euripides Facts.” Math,
“Euripides.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 13 Apr. 2019, “Euripides Biography.” Encyclopedia of World Biography, II. Setting
When: 431 BC Where: Corinth, Greece Significance: Medeatakes place in King Creon’s kingdom, Corinth. More specifically, in front of Jason and Medea’s house. After leaving her homeland, Medea and Jason lived there happily. The drama takes place somewhere that was once united but now torn apart due to Jason’s betrayal. The entire play is set in front of their house from the nurse lamenting over the events that have taken place to Medea killing her two children. Corinth was known as one of the wealthiest cities in Ancient Greece. It was also the setting of many Greek myths. This is significant to the play because of the sole reason that Jason left Medea was to secure his wealth by marrying the princess of Corinth. He would gain access to all the riches that Corinth had to offer. The palace of Corinth is where the princess and the king live. The children go to deliver the poisoned gifts tothe princess in the palace. The princess dies in the palace afterward. Athens is another important place brought up in the play. King Aegeus travels from Athens to Corinth and swears to offer Medea safety and refuge after she is banished from Corinth for a cure to his sterility.

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