First Aid Chapters 9\/10 - Chapter 9 BURNS Depth First-degree\/superficial \u25cf Pain \u25cf Red skin Second degree\/partial-thickness \u25cf Intense pain \u25cf

First Aid Chapters 9/10 - Chapter 9 BURNS Depth...

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Chapter 9 BURNS Depth: First-degree/superficial Pain Red skin Second degree/partial-thickness Intense pain Moist skin Blisters Third degree/full-thickness Dry skin (various colors) No pain (if pain at edges = 1 and/or 2 degree) hard to the touch Rule of Nines Determines size of burn Percentage for each part of adult’s body 9% = entire head 18% = front torso; back; leg Small child: head = 18%, leg = 14% Rule of the Palm Determines size of small or scattered burns Chapter 10 Scalp wound/fracture Why so much bleeding? 1. Rich in blood 2. Vessels don’t constrict Control bleeding by: 1. Direct pressure over wound OR 2. If skull fracture suspected = indirect pressure using doughnut pad What to look for? 1. Deformity 2. CSF - “halo or ring sign” 3. Raccoon eyes 4. Battle’s sign 5. Penetrating wound First Aid
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1. Doughnut or ring pad for bleeding 2. Elevate upper body slightly Brain Injury 1. Stabilize head & neck 2. Follow guidelines 1-2-3 rule Colorado medical society
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