AIDS_DISCOVERY_DISPUTE - • October 2 1985 Rock Hudson...

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AIDS DISCOVERY DISPUTE
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Two Labs and Scientists involved Robert Gallo at National Cancer Institute, US Luc Montagnier at Institut Pasteur, France
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TIME LINE 1981: First AIDS patient identified January 1982: First conferences identifying AIDS as a major new disease July 15 1982: CDC report 413 cases in US with 155 deaths March 1983: gay men and people undergoing blood transfusions identified as main risk groups
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TIME LINE May 1983: Montagnier publishes a new retrovirus LAV, associated with AIDS Summer 1983: DHSS seeks to calm public fears that AIDS can be contracted casually September 1983: 2,259 cases, 917 deaths April 1984: DHHS Press conference announcing Gallo has found cause of AIDS a new retrovirus HTLV-III June 1984: Press conference called by Montagnier and Gallo where they announce HTLV-III and LAV were almost certainly identical May 1985: 10,000 cases, 4,942 deaths
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Unformatted text preview: • October 2, 1985: Rock Hudson dies of AIDS • December 1986: 28,098 cases , 15,757 deaths • March 1987: Ronald Reagan and French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac announce agreement to settle discovery dispute – it is a “tie” • August 1987: 40,051 cases, 23,165 deaths • 1991: Robert Gallo found guilty of ethical breaches by NIH tribunal but he successfully appeals • Dispute involved not only scientific credit but financial rights to the AIDS blood test • National prestige involved • There was a dispute over what was discovered was it LAV or HTVL-III and were they the same? When it was discovered (by the French first or Gallo later), and the nature of the discovery – did French know LAV was cause of AIDS? • Ethical breaches also alleged • Case seems to fit Attribution Model of discovery but scientists involved adhere to Point Model...
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