Research Paper - Transactional and Transformational Leadership Styles.docx

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Transactional and Transformational Leadership Styles 1 Transactional and Transformation Leadership Styles University of the Incarnate Word Dr. Joshua Garcia Presented by: Kiera Peters, Hilda Gilchrist, Jackie Smith, and Kimberly Cheathem Date: October 2, 2019
Transactional and Transformational Leadership Styles 2 Introduction: In the management world, leaders play a vital role in the success or failure of an organization. Leaders take the role of leading/commanding a group of people, employees in this case, to reach a common goal, all while creating a positive environment and culture for their employees. There are many different leadership styles that a leader can adapt. “Leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people.” (Clark, 1997). Different types of leadership styles include: authoritarian leadership, democratic leadership, laissez-faire leadership, transformational leadership, transactional leadership, etc. This paper will delve into the details of transformational leadership styles and transactional leadership styles specifically. Transformational Leadership Basics: Transformational leadership is characterized as a leader recognizing the need for change, establishing a vision and guide for that change, inspiring followers to commit to the change, and executing said change. Transformational leaders rely heavily on their ability to inspire and motivate their employees to see and emulate their vision. These leaders do this by being role models whose character is strong, who lead by example, and who are charismatic. Transformational leadership is composed of four main components: individualized consideration, inspirational motivation, idealized influence, and intellectual stimulation. These leaders take into consideration the feeling of their employees, their strengths and weaknesses,
Transactional and Transformational Leadership Styles 3 and is there to support their employees to create an environment that is inclusive and cohesive. Transformational leaders bring their vision to life by being able to appeal and inspire their employees to reach for these goals and in turn gives their employees a sense of purpose in the organization. These leaders are also able to show idealized influence by leading from the front and leading by example, showing their employees that they believe in their vision. Intellectual stimulation is achieved by these leaders because they involve their employees in creating innovative approaches to organizational issues, which exemplifies cohesiveness. Transformational Leaders Today: One of the most iconic transformational leaders in current day, even after his recent death, is Steve Jobs. Steve Jobs was a visionary whose innovation inspired his employees, even if they didn’t necessarily like other aspects of his leadership style/personality. His followers remained inspired, motivated, and therefore loyal to his vision. Another example of a transformational leader is President Barack Obama. President Barack Obama gained admiration

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