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war: April 1861 CH 13 Cause Action Result Years to War Missouri Compromise In 1819, Missouri wished to be added to the Union as a slave state, which would upset the balance of Northern and Southern representatives in the Senate and House. Missouri was added as a slave state at the same time as Maine, a free state, to maintain balance; slavery was banned from territories north of the latitude line 36^30 Set the precedent that Congress could interfere with slavery, showed that slavery was a hugely divisive issue that no one wanted to touch and had the potential to deadlock everything 41 Annexation of Texas Stephen Austin recived a land grant from his father in Texas, Mexico in 1820, sold it in bits to other Americans, Mexico banned immigration as the American population swelled, Austin’s Americans demanded greater autonomy, feared Mexico would take away slaves (abolished slavery in Mexico but allowed Americans to bring theirs), Santa Anna and Alamo, Sam Houston became president of Republic of TX and petitioned to join US in 1837. Jackson ignored, didn’t want to deal with slaves, Tyler/Polk annexed finally in 1845. Texas became equal with strengthening slavery, thanks to Calhoun’s letter, Clay and Van Buren decided to reject on basis of not wanted war with Mexico (BIG fail for Van Buren, southern democrats super offended, stock in Polk). Was Polk’s campaign basis, along with 54-40. Sectionalism begins rupturing party system, manifest destiny/ greater expansion is supported by federal government, slavery cannot be kept from politics much longer. 16 54-40 or Fight Oregon was disputed territory between American and Britain, Britain owned it but Americans settled it. Became campaign slogan for Polk, meaning that his administration would be willing to fight for the extreme upper bound of the Oregon Territory at 54^40 (northern latitude), secured Willamette Valley and harbor of Puget Sound, northerners felt Ended up compromising with Britain at 49th parallel in 1846, est that the government was increasingly willing to fight for territory 14
betrayed though at the compromise. Webster- Ashburton Treaty Was a resolution to the Aroostook war, which was a non violent dispute between American colonists of Maine and British colonists of New Brunswick over bordesr. Diplomats from Britain and the US met and negotiated the treaty, re-established a number of borders such as that at the 49th parallel, shared the Great Lakes, 7 crimes in which a criminal must be extradited to the other nation (slaves were not among them), called for banning slave trade on the sea.