E0C62C7A-6495-472E-8287-DFDE3A9E2F70.jpeg - Chapter 2 Thinking about and researching the social world Relate notable contributions from influential

E0C62C7A-6495-472E-8287-DFDE3A9E2F70.jpeg - Chapter 2...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2: Thinking about and researching, the social world. Relate notable contributions from influential classical socaological _ theorists. Theories: sets of interrelated Ideas that have a wide range of applications , deal with centrally important issues . Auguste cointe : Invented the term sociology, interested in making sociology. a science . Harriet Martineau: developed a scientific / general theory, women- centered sociology . Herbert Spencer: Interested in social change , specifically evolution in both the physical and intellectual domains Karl Marx, focused his attention on the structure of capitalist society capitalism : an economic system based on the fact that one group of people - the captitalists - owns what " is needed for production , including factories, machines. and tools vid proletariat: workers who own nothing but the capacity to work . exploitation, make full use of a resource to benefit from it . alienation: to be cut off from social human Interaction false conscious : workers were missinformed and had false Ihope in something . class conscious: a collective conscious about the actual purpose behind something . Max Weber, devoted his attention to the econom he compared religion and the economy Protestant ethic : a system of Ideas closely associated w / religion . by the most di rationalization: social structures characterized efficient means...
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