Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2: Thinking about and researching, the social world.
Relate notable contributions
from influential classical
socaological _ theorists.
Theories: sets of interrelated Ideas that have a wide range
of applications , deal with centrally important issues .
Auguste cointe : Invented the term sociology, interested in
making sociology. a science .
Harriet Martineau: developed a scientific / general theory,
women- centered sociology .
Herbert Spencer: Interested in social change , specifically
evolution in both the physical and intellectual domains
Karl Marx, focused his attention on the structure
of capitalist society
capitalism : an economic system based on the fact
that one group of people - the captitalists - owns what
" is needed for production , including factories, machines.
and tools vid
proletariat: workers who own nothing but the
capacity to work .
exploitation, make full use of a resource to benefit
from it .
alienation: to be cut off from social human Interaction
false conscious : workers were missinformed and had false
Ihope in something .
class conscious: a collective conscious about the actual
purpose behind something .
Max Weber, devoted his attention to the econom
he compared religion and the economy
Protestant ethic : a system of Ideas closely associated
w / religion .
by the most di
rationalization: social structures characterized efficient means...
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