Week of April 16 - Vocabulary Cole des Beaux-Arts I The...

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April 16, 2007 Vocabulary: Cole des Beaux-Arts  I. The Gross Clinic a. Thomas Eakins b. Realism c. 1875 d. Not all realists arts have a provocative subject matter e. Large painting-8” by 12” f. In America, an artist wanted to display his knowledge of European artwork g. Began training at Pennsylvania  h. Went to Paris and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts i. American artists were flocking to Paris for training at the school j. The Ecole was very tradition in it’s training i. Studying drawing of plastics casts and then moved on ii. Then studying painting iii. Very focused on drawing skills iv. Perspective also was important k. Eakins gets a nice training but also sees more progressives artist’s work while in  Paris i. But he isn’t impressed by these progressive artists l. He doesn’t like the historical painting either m. He write his family telling them this, but also tells them that when he gets back to  America he is going to draw what he sees n. He travels to other cities in Europe and other artists have an impact on him o. He returns to Philadelphia in 1862 and he does what he planned of painting  American everyday life p. America was going to have a centennial celebration and was going to be held in  Philadelphia q. There was going to be a pavilion featuring just American art r. Eakins submit this painting to be shown at the pavilion and was rejected i. Rejected b/c the judges said that it wasn’t fit to be shown on the walls  s. It was shown at the medical pavilion where the latest medical research was being  shown t. Even at the medical pavilion it got harsh criticism
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i. They said that it wasn’t fit for viewing u. Eakins’ ambition was to paint things as he saw them rather than as the public  might wish them portrayed. v. The painting is of Dr. Gross who Eakins’ knew from studying anatomy with him  before he went to Paris i. Dr. Gross was a renowned physician for coming up with a treatment for  Osteromylotis-surgical procedure where the limb was removed and the  life of the patient was saved w. This is what Eakins painted x.  They are in a surgical amphitheatre and there are students behind him viewing  the procedure and learning y. There are other doctors present  z. The patients mother is also in the painting aa. What is so upsetting about the painting? What upset everyone? i. The very frank portrayal of blood ii. On the doctor’s hand and on the other doctors bb. Precedent for this type of painting-Rembrandt’s painting of the surgery on the  cadaver  cc. Very graphic detail of the actual surgery dd. The patients buttocks is fully exposed-unknown if the patient is male or female ee. In Victorian American at this time, you never would find nudity like this
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