Week of February 19

Week of February 19 - February 16, 2007 I. Vocabulary a....

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February 16, 2007 I. Vocabulary a. Baptistery- In Christian architecture, the building used for baptism, usually situated next to a church. b. Theophany- stories about miracles of God-Burning Bush; Healings c. Giornate-how much fresco you can get done in one day d. Arriccio- the first, rough layer of lime plaster in fresco painting. e. Sinopia-the outlines on frescos; can be complex or very simple; the burnt-orange pigment used in drawing on the Arriccio in fresco painting. f. Intonaco- smoother plaster that is applied after the Sinopia allowing for the Sinopia to still be visible for the artist ; the final, smooth layer of plaster in fresco painting. g. Cartoon- drawing on transparent piece of paper that is done before process; in painting, a full-size preliminary drawing from which a painting is made. h. “Pouncing”- makes outline on wall i. Stylus- a needlelike tool used in engraving and incising; also, an ancient writing instrument used to inscribe clay or wax tablets. j. Fresco- painting on lime plaster, either dry (Secco fresco) or wet (buon fresco). In the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster. k. Buon Fresco-wet fresco; accomplished by two techniques-rough plaster is laid down and before it dries the Sinopia is applied and then the Intonaco, after that the pigments are applied and a chemical reaction take place and the pigment binds with the Intonaco created an incredibly permanent painting; 2 nd technique- creates cartoon and then pokes holes in it and presses it against the Intonaco and then chalk is pounced to apply cartoon to wall then he paints l. A Secco Fresco-dry fresco; not true fresco; Intonaco has dried and you just apply pigment to the plaster; color changes do not occur in this type II. Pisa Pulpit a. Nicola Pisano b. Late Gothic/Early Italian Renaissance
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c. 1259-1260 d. Figure of Fortitude and Nativity Panel i. Renaissance means “re-birth” ii. Artist are going to be using a more naturalistic style iii. Moving away from depictions of St. Matthew in Lindsfarne Gospels iv. Return to naturalism from Greeks and Romans v. Nicola Pisano trained in workshops in southern Italy-not a set way of training artist/no philosophy for how to train them vi. But, during Renaissance, a philosophy forms vii. Artist seen as crafts men -no women artists yet 1. seen as laborers-worked with their hands 2. a gentlemen at this time would not have been an artist viii. During the Renaissance, being an artist becomes more of a respectable job or position ix. The artists role and place in society is elevated during this period x. Pisano was considered the premiere sculpture during his lifetime xi. Some elements of the pulpit’s design carried on medieval traditions, but Nicola incorporated classical elements into this medieval type of structure. xii.
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course ARHI 2100 taught by Professor Pauly during the Spring '08 term at UGA.

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Week of February 19 - February 16, 2007 I. Vocabulary a....

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