Oct 22-Ch 8 - Chapter 8 The Marriage Premises-Permanence...

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October 22, 2007 Chapter 8: The Marriage Premises-Permanence & Sexual Exclusivity  I. The Marriage Premise: Permanence & Sexual Exclusivity o The government-representing community-is legally involved in all weddings b/c a  marriage is necessarily a community, or public, concern Involved largely b/c the community has stake in essential social  functions: children being responsibly cared for o Social institution     -system of patterned & predictable ways of thinking & behaving  concerning important aspects of ppl’s lives o Marriage premise     -by getting married, partners accept the responsibility to keep  each other primary in their lives & to work hard to ensure that their relationship  continues a. Expectations of Permanence Wedding=passage into adult family roles Marriage, more than any other relationship holds the hope of  permanence Expectations for permanence derive from the fact that, historically,  marriage has been a practical social institution  Economic security & child rearing required marriages to be permanent today less important for econ stability providing ongoing emotional support & love has become key for  most getting married can encourage partners to commit themselves to building  ongoing love relationship & history together i. Social Policies Designed To Encourage Marital Permanence 1. Covenant Marriage a. A fairly new type of legal marriage in which the bride &  groom agree to be bound by a marriage “covenant” that  will not let them get divorced as easily as is presently  allowed.  b. Before wedding, in states that allow, couples required to  choose btw 2 marital contracts, conventional or  covenant.  c. Fundamentalist religionists-love it d. Feminists-hate it 2. State & Federal Marriage Initiatives  a. 10 states require blood tests for various communicable  diseases b. Most states require waiting periods-72 hrs to 6 days btw  the license application date & its receipt or btw receipt of  the license & the wedding c. Some states-marriage education or counseling
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d. Personal Responsibility & Work Opportunity  Reconciliation Act-authorized Temporary Assistance  for Needy Families ( TANF)/welfare reform b. Expectations of Sexual Exclusivity Expectations of sexual exclusivity     -spouses promise to have sexual  relations only w/ each other Sexual exclusivity emerged as a cultural value in traditional society to  maintain the patriarchal line of descent
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