oct 23-ch 12 - I Chapter 12 Work and Family The Labor...

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October 23, 2007 Chapter 12: Work and Family I. The Labor Force—A Social Invention a. The Labor Force in Postindustrial Society Labor force     -social invention that arose w/ the industrialization of the  19 th  century, when ppl characteristically became wage earners, hiring  out their labor to someone else.  i. The Labor Force in Postindustrial Society 1. job security had become an issue even for highly educated  managerial employees by the 1900s 2. esp in single-parent families & for couples where both parents  are employed & have dependents, the separation of work from  family living creates role conflict & tension  3. Increasingly, stressed & overloaded workers juggle what have  become conflicting obligations: providing for & caring for family  members II. The Traditional Model: Provider Husbands & Homemaking Wives Until fairly recently, a husband has been not only culturally, but legally,  expected to be his family’s principal breadwinner.  Wives were culturally & legally bound to husband care, house care, & child  care.  a. Men & the Provider Role Good provider role     -a specialized masculine role that emerged in this  country in about the 1830s & that emphasizes the husband as the only  or the primary economic provider for his family.  1980-male was no longer automatically assumed to be head of the  household The proportion of married-couple families in which men are the sole  breadwinner has declined from 42 % in 1960 to 20% in 2000 3 provider role systems in dual-worker marriages Some working couples see their roles in terms of a main  provider/secondary provider division  Co-provider couple     -both partners are seen as equally responsible for  providing
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