Week 14 - More Stuff on Psychological Disorders and...

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More Stuff on Psychological Disorders and Treatment
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Terms Psychopathology: illness of the mind Psychopharmacology: treating psychological problems using drugs
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Thomas Szasz Illness is anatomical or physiological The mind is not an organ, so there cannot be mental illness Example of his beliefs: “Schizophrenia is a quasi-English medical term…applied to people whose behavior we don’t like”
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What is “abnormal” behavior? 3 criteria we use: 1) Deviance Violates society’s standards of normalcy e.g., transvestic fetishism (man dressing up in women’s clothes to get aroused) is not “normal” 2) Maladaptive behavior Everyday social or occupational functioning is impaired e.g., missing work repeatedly because of hangovers 3) Personal distress Person reports great pain and suffering e.g., depressed person feels very sad
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DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Made by the American Psychiatric Association (medical doctors) Explicit diagnostic criteria for mental disorders Easier for health professionals to communicate because everyone is talking about the same thing Facilitates research
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DSM Diagnostic System 5 axes: the goal of this multi-axial system is to impart information beyond a traditional diagnostic label Axis I – Clinical Syndromes e.g., major depression Axis II – Personality Disorders or Mental Retardation e.g., borderline personality disorder Axis III – General Medical Conditions e.g., hypertension Axis IV – Psychosocial and Environmental Problems e.g., recently divorced Axis V – Global Assessment of Functioning e.g., 80 (this person is pretty well)
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Preparedness
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