104 second midterm exam review sheet 2007

104 second midterm - Political Science 104 Fall 2007 Mid-Term 2 Review Sheet 1 Paradox of Participation R=PB-C D People will vote if the benefit

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Political Science 104 -- Fall 2007 Mid-Term 2 Review Sheet 1. Paradox of Participation R=PB-C+D People will vote if the benefit gained times the probability of your vote making a difference is greater than the cost of voting (time it takes to vote/laws enforced on the voters). D is the satisfaction one gains from voting (civic duty) but it’s not accurate because it’s then saying that everyone who votes gets great satisfaction from doing it. -When costs are low voter turnout will be high -When benefits are greater the turnout will be higher -When election are closer the turnout will be higher (each vote has greater impact) 2. Collective action problem -People will reap the rewards even if they don’t vote -People will only vote/join a group if they will have a decisive impact -Free Rider Problem : Problem that arises when people who share a group’s goals do not join or contribute to it because their personal contribution seems too small to make a difference and that can participate in the rewards whether they participate or not. 3. Solutions to collective action problem - Coercion: Sometimes there isn’t a choice; you have to join the group. If you don’t join you wont get the benefits - Solidarity Benefits: Benefits derived from directly participating with other in a group endeavor (social benefits; you get to know people) - Material or selective benefits: Benefits that promise some kind of financial benefit to participants (if you join you get all sorts of deals; AARP) - Closed shop: if you want to work somewhere you must be part of the union - Purposive Benefits: People think it’s important they really believe in it - Social movements: Black churches in the south during Civil Rights movement - Patrons and entrepreneurs: Wealthy people with certain view will subsidize interest groups i.e. Kholer Family 4. Disturbance Theory -There’s going to be some problem and groups will fix it -Depression, way…anything that changes -Georgia- out of water – Tennessee has their water – groups form to try and get some of Tennessee’s water. 5. Reasons for large number of groups in US -We are a big and diverse country (immigrants, race, and religious views) -Our system of government provides multiple access points: easier to influence the process, it’s easier to stop something than to get things to happen -Weak Parties: if parties were powerful they would control everything but they can’t control members in the US 6. Reason for increase in number of groups in US -Economic developments: More money and more businesses -Growth in Government: gov. is having more control over businesses (smoking ban) The more the government gets involved with business the more business will get involved with politics and interests groups will form. 7.
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course POLI SCI 104 taught by Professor Professor during the Fall '05 term at Wisconsin.

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104 second midterm - Political Science 104 Fall 2007 Mid-Term 2 Review Sheet 1 Paradox of Participation R=PB-C D People will vote if the benefit

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