third exam review bullets fall 2007

third exam review bullets fall 2007 - POLITICAL SCIENCE 104...

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POLITICAL SCIENCE 104 FALL 2007 THIRD EXAM REVIEW SHEET In addition to these particular topics, you should understand the main "big" argument of the readings. 1. Factors that Influence Congressional Elections - national, district, personal National: Economy, Crisis, View of National Party, View of President, View of Congress District: The partisanship Personal: Challenger quality, campaign organization, incumbent behavior, campaign resources (party soft dollars, interest group issue advocacy dollars, effect of incumbent dollars, and effect of challenger dollars), Power of the incumbency 2. Activist and Strict constructionist judges Strict constructionists : judges have no special expertise in education, prison, environmental policy – judges are not elected Activist : Important to interpret constitution as living document – correct injustice Not always liberal v. Conservative. 3. Differences between organization and rules in House and Senate House: The house is more formal and has stricter rules for a bill to be voted on by the entire house it has to be reported out of committee Role of Committee: every debate, the entire HOR votes on bill and debates it. Rules committee sets rules on how it will be debated and the length of the debate Open Bill: you can amend the bill; change things Closed Bill: Vote up or down; can’t change anything Senate: The senate is less formal and less strict Most bills in the senate are open bills, anyone can put forth amendments Many more ways for a bill to come to the floor in the senate Doesn’t have to be voted by committee Filibuster: If you know you’re going to lose a debate you can threaten to talk forever because of unlimited debate time. You need 60 votes to overturn a filibuster 4. Traceability -- timing, proximity, magnitude, instigator Magnitude: How big the effect is; if big people are more likely to notice it Proximity: are you near/in contact with people who will help you notice there is an effect (raising tuition while in school is bad because people will talk about it) Timing: What length of time that action done and effects are seen (shorter time= more traceability) Instigator: Someone (interest group, leader) who brings the action up front so you notice 5. Rally round the flag effect A function of Public approval of president When a big event happens (i.e. 9/11) the American people become very patriotic and support the president 6. Presidential Approval – causes, why important Economy + Foreign Affairs + Politics GDP Growth: If the economy is good then the public will approve Rally around the Flag: (Above) Presidential skill at going public: If the president can’t relate and speak to the public he won’t have a good rating. Public approval is a huge factor Reality is most important think is presidential approval and election outcomes. But at the margin, campaign makes the difference.
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