Final Exam Study Guide.docx - Government Final Exam Notes...

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Government Final Exam Notes Chapter 6 Public Opinion : the political relevant opinions held by ordinary citizens that they express openly Political Socialization : the learning process by which people acquire their political opinions, beliefs, and values Agents of Socialization : those agents, such as the family and the media that have a significant impact on citizens’ political socialization Party Identification: the personal sense of loyalty that an individual may feel toward a particular political party Selective Perception: the process whereby people selectively choose from incoming information those aspects that support what they already believe Ideology: a general belief about the role and purpose of government Economic Liberals: those who believe government should do more to assist people who have difficulty meeting their economic needs on their own Economic Conservatives: those who believe government tries to do too many things that should be left to private interests and economic markets Cultural (Social) Liberals: Those who believe it is not government’s role to buttress traditional values at the expense of unconventional or new values Cultural (Social) Conservatives: Those who believe government power should be used to uphold traditional values Populists: Those who believe government should do more to assist people who have difficulty meeting their economic needs and who look to government to uphold traditional values Libertarians: Those who believe government tries to do too many things that should be left to firms and markets, and who oppose government as an instrument for upholding traditional values Public Opinion Poll: A device for measuring public opinion whereby a relatively small number of individuals (the sample) are interviewed for the purpose of estimating the opinions of a whole community (the population) Sample: In a public opinion poll, the relatively small number of individuals who are interviewed for the purpose of estimating the opinions of an entire population Population: In the public opinion poll, the people (for example, the citizens of a nation) whose opinions are being estimated through interviews with a sample of these people Sampling Error: A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll; mainly a function of sample size and usually expressed in percentage terms
PPT Highlights Public Opinion: opinions of citizens that are openly stated Political Culture: The characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people about government and politics Political Socialization Agents: Primary are Family, schools, church, Secondary are peers, media, leaders Barriers to accurate polls: polling people unfamiliar with issues, telephone based samples don’t always answer, some don’t have phones, refusals to answer polls, framed questions, layout of questions, Chapter 7 Political Participation: Involvement in activities intended to influence public policy and leadership, such as voting, joining political groups, contracting elected officials, demonstrating for

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