11-07 T3 SG.docx - CH24 Bank Holiday FDR called for 4 day...

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CH24Bank Holiday FDR called for 4 day shutdown of banksTwenty-First AmendmentRatified in 1933. Ended alcohol prohibitionTVAGov’t Dam on Tennessee River. Bettered poor areaGlass-Steagall ActRegulated banks and established FDICSECSecurities Exchange Commission. Policed stock marketCWACivil Works Administration: Temporary jobs that boosted economyCCCCreated jobs for young men from rural areas with racially segregated campsSocial SecurityProgram from 1935 that added payroll tax to fund senior citizensWPAProved government jobs to unemployed. Tried to get people to chosen careersCourt Packing FDR was frustrated with Supreme Court’s rejection his of acts and wanted to add more justices to the court but the public was outragedRoosevelt Recession 1937 FDR decision to reduce spending was primary causeBroker State Elevated and strengthened new interest groups in market place. Made government mediatorEleanor RooseveltFirst lady, fought for blacks, Black Cabinet
2ndlevel officials appointed by FDRJohn CollierCommissioner of Indian Affairs. Believed in cultural relativism. Fought for rights of IndiansCH25Circular LoansAmerican loaned to Germany who paid reparation to Britain and France who payed America from WW1Weimar Republic German government from end of WW1 to Hitler’s 3rdReich Benito Mussolini Leader of Italy’s factious party. Adolf Hitler German Leader of Nazi powerGood Neighbor Policy FDR switched from military to economic persuasionGerald Nye Senator who found tax evasions during WW1.“Quarantine” Speech Made by FDR. Said aggressors should be quarantine to prevent spread of war.Munich ConferenceMeetings between Germany, Britain, and France about Hitler’s demand for Sudeten land. Hitler promised no expansion, it failed because Hitler liedAppeasement Name of policy that tried and appease leaders to keep peace, but failedFight for Freedom Committee and America First CommitteeFFC wanted more aggressive resistance to Hitler, AFC wanted more isolationWendell WillkieRep who opposed FDR. Wanted to support allies in WW2Lend-Lease
Allowed US to lend or lease weapons to nations deemed vital to defense of USAtlantic CharterSecret meeting between FDR and Churchill to layout war aim, including destruction of Nazi GermanyTripartite PactLoose alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan.

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