Week 1-lecture notes.pdf - ARCH 121 u2013 INTRODUCTION TO...

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1 ARCH 121 INTRODUCTION TO ARCHITECTURE I LECTURE NOTES: WEEK 1 - Introduction: Definition of Architecture and the Architect: 1.Definition of Architecture Architecture could be basically defined as the art and science of designing and constructing buildings. As a word, ‘architecture’ can carry several other meanings, such as:1.The product or result of architectural work: buildings, urban areas and landscapes. 2.A style or method of building characteristic of a people, place or time. 3.The profession of designing buildings and other habitable environments by architects. 4.The conscious act of forming things resulting in a unifying or coherent structure.1In its most simple form, architecture is the design and organization of spaces, and in its most common form, it is the design of buildings, their interiors and surrounding spaces. The architect acts a designer, who can work in a wide range of scales, from a scale as large as the planning of a city, up to a scale as small as the design of a chair. Ching, F., Visual Dictionary of Architecture 2.Etymology of the Word ‘Architecture’Etymologically (in terms of the root of the word), the word ‘architecture’ comes from the Greek arkhitekton (ἀρχιτέκτων), which is a combination of the word arkhi, meaning “chief” or “master”, and tekton, meaning “mason” or “builder”. In line with the etymology, architecture 1Ching, F., Visual Dictionary of Architecture
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