Chapter 13 Social Psychology.docx - Chapter 13 \u2013 Social Behavior 13-1 \u2013 Person Perception and Impressions 13-1a Effects of Physical Appearance 1

Chapter 13 Social Psychology.docx - Chapter 13 – Social...

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Chapter 13 – Social Behavior13-1 – Person Perception and Impressions13-1a: Effects of Physical Appearance1.What is person perception? And how does physical attractiveness play a role and why do we incorrectly correlate attractiveness with personality? How can women not benefit by this? 2.What other ways do people draw inferences about someone’s character and how is it adaptive?13-1b: Cognitive Schemas1.What are social schemas and their examples?2.What are self-schemas and how does it work? What is the name for not having a self-schema in a domain?13-1c: Stereotypes1.What are stereotypes and their examples and how do they relate to schemas? Why do we usually stereotype (highlighted)? How accurate is it and why does it fail?2.What is the self-fulfilling prophecyand how does immediate style play a part?3.How can stereotypes affect our actions and behavior? (primed stereotypes study)13-1d: Subjectivity and Bias in Person Perception1.How does bias form and what is illusory correlation? 2.How do memory processes contribute to confirmatory biases in person perception?13-1e: AnEvolutionaryPerspectiveonBiasinPerson P e r c e p t i o n1.What is the evolutionary perspective of physical attractivenesson person perception, schemas/categories, and biasin person perception?Answers:13-1a:1.It is the process of forming impressions of others. Physical attractiveness plays a role as it determines their perceptions on other’s qualities. We incorrectly correlate attractiveness w/ personality b/c the media and entertainment industry and our desire to bond with them. People may undervalue successful women talents as they only got it b/c of their attractiveness.Evidence: Dion’s study w/ children and their judgment of good or bad looking children. Correlation of attractiveness and income is .24.
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2.Nonverbal expressiveness, photos. Can show sexual orientation, social status, and intelligence. Adaptive value as it can depict person’s fighting abilities and aggressiveness. 13-1b:1.Are organized clusters of ideas about categories of social events and people. Examples are dumb jocks, frats, nerds. Allows them to process and store information about people during interactions.2.Are integrated set of memories, beliefs, and generalizations about one’s behaviour in a given domain. A person processes and remembers differently when they correspond to a domain. Also affects how you process information of others in that domain. “How does he compare to me?”. If you don’t have a schema in a domain, you are aschematic. Evidence: Made by Hazel Markus.13-1c:1.Beliefs people have of characteristics in a specific group. Examples include age(old=slow), sex(women=emotion), occupational(lawyers=manipulative), etc. They are special schemas derived from personal experience. Stereotypes are automatic and saves time and effort to knowa person individually, it overgeneralizes, simplifies, and is inaccurate.
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