Ch6-10 review - 1 How does a social group differ from a...

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1. How does a social group differ from a social aggregate and a social category? How does a primary social group differ from a secondary social group? -A social group is a collection of people who share a common identity and regularly interact with one another on the basis of shared expectations concerning behavior. -A social aggregate is a simple collection of people who happen to be together in a particular place but do not significantly interact or identify with each other. (People at bus stop and don’t consider the group as we) - A social category is a group of people sharing a common characteristic (such as gender or occupation) without necessarily interacting or relating to each other. - A primary group differs from a secondary group in the sense a primary group is usually small groups characterized by face-to-face interaction, intimacy, and a strong, enduring sense of commitment. Secondary groups are large and impersonal and often involve fleeting relationships. 2. How does behavior in triads differ from behavior in dyads? How do intensity, stability, and exclusiveness in large groups compare to small groups? - Behavior in triads describes a group consisting of three people. Triads are apt to be more stable than dyads because their presence of the third relieves some of the pressure on the other two members to always get along. 3. What does the research of Asch and Milgram tell us about the willingness of people to conform to group pressure? How does the concept of group-think reflect pressure toward conformity? - 4. How can network ties confer advantages on individuals? How do network ties on the internet differ from those involving face-to-face interaction? - 5. What is an organization? What is a formal organization? In what ways are organizations more important today than in the past? -Organization: a group with an identifiable membership that engages in concerted collective actions to achieve a common purpose. -Formal Organization: is a rationally designed group to achieve its objectives, often by means of explicit rules, regulations, and procedures. 6. What are the characteristics of a bureaucracy? How do informal relations differ from formal relations, and what dysfunctions can formal relations cause? Bureaucracy: Clear Cut hierarchy of authority Written Rules govern the conduct of officials at all levels of organization Officials are full time and salaried There is a separation between the tasks of an official within the organization and his life outside. No members of the organization own the material resources with which they operate. -Formal Relations- the relations between people as stated in the rules of the organization. -Informal Relations-
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7. What advantages does an organic organization have over a mechanistic organization?
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