Test 3 - Exam 3 Vocabulary Chapter 8 Justice of the Peace-...

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Exam 3 Vocabulary Chapter 8 Justice of the Peace - originally a judicial officer, normally not learned in the law, assigned to investigate and try minor cases. Presently a judge of a lower local or municipal court with limited jurisdiction Courts of Limited Jurisdiction- Courts (with a justice of the peace, magistrate, or judge preceding) that handle minor criminal cases, less serious civil suits, traffic and parking violations, and health law violations. Courts of Special Jurisdiction- Courts that specialize in certain areas of the law; family courts, juvenile courts, and probate courts (transfer of money and property deceased) Courts of General jurisdiction- Major trial courts that have regular, unlimited jurisdiction over all cases and controversies involving civil and criminal law. Appellate Court- Court with the power to review the judgment of a trial court, examining errors of law. State Supreme Court- State court of last resort (except in certain jurisdictions, where the Supreme Court is a trial court of unlimited jurisdiction). Federal Courts- Courts of the federal system, applying federal law, with power to test the constitutionality of state law and adjudicate controversies arising between residents of two or more states District Courts- Trial courts in the federal and in some state systems Circuit Courts of Appeal- Federal appellate courts with the power to review judgments of federal district courts. United States Supreme Court- Federal Court that has ultimate authority in interpreting the constitution as it applies to federal and state law; the final authority in interpreting federal law. Writ of Certiorari- Document issued by a higher court directing a lower court to prepare the record of a case and send it to the higher court for review Habeas Corpus- Writ requesting that a person or institution detaining a named prisoner bring him or her before a judicial officer and give reasons for the detention Chapter 9 Prosecutor- attorney and government official who represents that people against persons accused of committing criminal acts
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course CLJ 111 taught by Professor Texidor,joseluis during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Test 3 - Exam 3 Vocabulary Chapter 8 Justice of the Peace-...

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