Strake CS and JDPrivate Sphere NC1Part One-LinksA. Although the affirmative sympathizes with the victim’s plight, in narrowing the debate to howvictims can overcome the oppressionof intimate relationship violence they construct domestic violence as a private problem, and ignore the social and cultural problems that lie at the root of spousal aggression. Berns1: “An individual frame of responsibility focus[es] primarily on the victim. A prevalent question in these articles is"Why dobattered women remain in the abusive relationship? "In these articles, the victim may not always be blamed explicitly for the violence or for staying in the relationship. Indeed, many articles focus on the victim in a sympathetic manner, such as by giving her credit for leaving the abusive relation- ship, changing her behavior, or seeking counseling. However, the focus-and thus the responsibility-remains on the victimrather than the batterer. Explanations for why women stay in abusive relationships often mention institutional and social barriers; however, these perspectives still place responsibility on the individualrather than on society or specific institutions. There is no advice on how society can change to help the victim. Rather, the victim must overcome these obstacles.”[Specific AC Links to how victim can overcome DV]B. Describing the victimization of one human being by their intimate partner as “domestic violence” entrenches the notion that intimate relationship violence is a private matter restricted tothe confines of the household or family unit. Holmes2explains: “A central tenet of the dominant Western feministdiscourse about violence against women is that intimate relationship violence is hidden through the construct of privacy of the domestic sphereof theheterosexualhome. Theterm ‘domesticviolence’ (althoughnot universallyapplied) alsoconveys the idea thatintimate relationshipviolence occurs in private in the home.”[Additional AC Links to definition of DV]C. The affirmative strategy of pigeonholing the resolutional conflict to the actions of a discrete and singular victim and a similarly atomic abuser engenders a discussion of domestic violence devoid of social context or reference to the institutions and cultural practices that define and reproduce that violence. [Specific AC Links to AC’s conception of ethical subject/victim]Part Two-Impacts1Berns, Nancy. “My Problem and How I solved It”: Domestic Violence in Women’s Magazines.” 1999.2Holmes, Cindy. “Destabilizing homonormativity and the public/private dichotomy in North American lesbian domestic violence discourses.” 2009.
Strake CS and JDPrivate Sphere NC2A. The affirmative’s portrayal of domestic violence as a private matter shrouds the real problem at stake. An authentic reckoning with the ethical conflict over victims who kill must start with the recognition that domestic violence is rooted in the deep-structures of heteronormative male dominance that characterize many social norms. Randall